I mentioned earlier that within my own school, we have a problem with segregation between students that take different classes. While not an official program, my school system does have a practice of tracking students together based on achievement levels. Starting in elementary school students tend to grouped based on their academic ability. Often times you will see students of color and students from low-income families in what are often called the “bottom” classes. The students many times are then stuck in the classes that do not have the same high expectations as the one or two classes of our “top” students.
Introduction The theme of the research is to discover why there is such a vast educational gap between minority and Caucasian students. Many American are unaware that such an educational gap actually exists among today’s students. This article informs us of alarming statics, such as of African American students representing a majority of the special education population, despite only making up roughly 40% of the student population. It also breaks down key events that contributed to the poor education that minority children are currently receiving. For example, in the past, it was illegal to educate African Americans and when it became legal to blacks were treated as second class students.
Schools face challenges of educating increasingly diverse population as the racial and ethnic demography in America is changing. Achievement gap is observed between the white’s and the minority students. Research show, that this kind of achievement gap can induce lifetime consequences and limiting opportunities for minority education in their higher education and also in their employment. The achievement gap in the education basically refers to the disparity in the academic performances between groups of different races. The achievement gap can be measured by the variables standardized-test scores, course selection, dropout rates, and college-completion rates.
There is a lot of literature that discusses the overwhelming misrepresentation of culturally and linguistically diverse students in the special education system. The disproportionate numbers are over-represented for students that are disabled and under-represented for students that are gifted (Shealey, McHatton & Wilson, 2011). Research has found that many of these cases are a result of errors that occur in the diagnostic process. Misdiagnosis can occur because of various reasons, including cultural bias, low teacher efficacy, or personality conflict between teacher and student. Dina is a student whose challenges in the classroom clearly exemplify how misdiagnosis can occur, because her multilingualism and diverse cultural background present a challenge for her teacher.
In recent years, the amount of biracial births are out numbering the amount of mono-racial births, and these children will soon be entering the school system (Root 1996) with new unique problems when concerning their own racial identity. According to Poston, “Racial identity is defined as "pride in one's racial and cultural identity" (1990, p. 152 as cited in counseling biracial students). Compared to mono-racial peers, multiracial students are faced with constant conflicts over how to embrac... ... middle of paper ... ... all aspects that make up their racial identity (Root 1996). Multiracial inclusion can be laced into everyday activities and projects. Works Cited Harris, H. L. (2006).
Professional School Counseling, 16, 29-39. Rowell, L., & Hong, E. (2013), Academic motivation: Concepts, strategies, and counseling approaches. Professional School Counseling, 16 , 158-171. Schulz, L. L., & Rubel, D. J. (2011), A phenomenology of alienation in high school: The experiences of five male non-completers.
Suldo, Shannon M., McMahan, Melanie M., Chappel, Ashley M., and Bateman, Lisa P. Evaluation of the Teacher-Student Relationship Inventory in American High School Students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment 2014 32: 3 originally published online 6 May 2013 Wehlage, G., Rutter, R., Smith, F., Lesko, N., & Fernandez, R. (1989). Reducing the risk: Schools as communities of support. New York, NY: Falmer Press. P. 122
Achieving academic success is a challenge for many children; however, for many African American children, academic success is more than a challenge; it is an almost impossible feat. Anyone can look in the papers, or take a peek in the average classroom grade books and see the big disparity, or achievement gap that is evident between African American and Caucasian students’ grades, or levels of proficiency on academic measures. Although there are many reasons that have been offered to explain why this gap exists, many researchers are interested specifically in the role that teacher’s beliefs, attitudes, and teaching practices or styles play in enhancing or hindering academic performance among African American students. Oates, (2003) examined the relationship between the ethnicity of the teacher and the ethnicity of the student to determine if dissimilarity in teachers and students races has an influence on teachers’ perceptions of students (Oates, 2003). He also looked at whether the relationship between teacher perceptions among students of the same race (i.e.
Over the years studies have proven that racial discrimination in schools have reached its climax. From time to time the is about one out of every ten. Children have a tendency to space out according to their ethnicity. Racial discrimination in schools. Racial discrimination in school have affected many students by lowering their confidence levels.
Introduction Racial discrimination is a real problem in American schools where African American students are segregated and their rights violated in many ways. Racial discrimination is especially advanced in public schools where majority of the students are colored. In these institutions, the government has failed to offer credible support thus subjecting them to serious problems making the learning process close to impossible (Blank et al, p.108). The departments of justice and education have admitted that serious problems are experienced by school going children in most of the American schools. Positive policies on discipline are being put into measure as a way of reducing the cases of racial discrimination as it affects learning of students negatively and eventually leads to failure of the students.