Discrimination and the Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Movement is comprised of efforts of activists and national leaders to stand for African Americans and the basic rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Constitution, including the rights to like process and "equal protection of the laws" and the right to vote. The 1950s and 1960s represent the height of the Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century. Activists had found basic rights for African Americans since even before the Civil War. In 1865 and 1870, Congress passed some of the amendments to abolish slavery, to accord citizenship to African Americans, and to extend voting rights to black men. By the end of Reconstruction in 1877 furthered white opposition to black equality. The domination of blacks displayed itself most easily in southern states in what was known as Jim Crow customs and legislation passed between the 1890s and 1920s to racially segregate public places, like trains, cemeteries, schools, theaters, restaurants, beaches, and hospitals. Additionally, laws and intimidation tactics prevented blacks from enjoying other rights of citizenship, including the right to vote. African American activists and even some whites challenged these injustices through public speaking, the black press, and organizations to stand up for racial equality. In the beginning of the 1890s, journalist Ida B. Wells encouraged blacks to migrate to the north to start to protest unfair hiring practices in the South and the lynching of African American men unfairly accused of assaulting white women. In 1909, Wells, W. E. B. Du Bois, and other activists formed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People also known as “NAACP”, which in the following decades became the main... ... middle of paper ... ...k had to move to the rear of the bus. A white man entered the bus and expected her to move but she disagreed to. This action quickly ignited the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This was a boycott in which all blacks and even some whites refused to agree in using the bus system. This boycott lasted a little over a year and because of the money loss, soon all the buses became integrated. The Civil Rights Movement was undeniably significant to our growing as a nation. America has come a long way in terms of integrating herself over the next few years. Every race has equal rights and though there still is racism today it is a lot less than there was back during the times of trouble. Big thanks to Oliver Brown for integrating all schools and thanks to Parks and Hernandez for integrating buses and juries. The American society today is a very fair and equal one to all.
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