Someone having to read sections of published accounts from the authors Brandt, Porter, Swales, or White for college reading and writing might have a moment in time when they are skimming through those such writings and asking themselves ‘why do I need to read these’. ‘Is this actually useful to this class?’ The answer is yes because though it may not make sense now these writings will come together at the end of the course and help you succeed. Discourse communities and literacy sponsors are very useful terms to know while in college reading and writing in order to understand and finish the course. Discourse Communities Swales depicts that a discourse community must follow six characteristics in order to properly be labeled as a discourse community. These characteristics are: “agreed set of common public goal, mechanisms of intercommunication among members, uses its mechanisms to provide information and feedback, utilizes and possesses one or more genres, acquired some specific lexis, and has threshold level of members with a suitable degree of relevant content and discoursal expertise” (Swales, 2010, 471-473). Porter, on the other hand, gives us a shorter definition that combines Swales’ characteristics: “A "discourse community" is a group of individuals bound by a common interest who communicate through approved channels and whose discourse is regulated” (2010, p. 38-39). Such things that would fall under a discourse community would be certain clubs like national honor society, thespian club or 4H club. Others could be sport based groups such as basketball, football or baseball. Literacy Sponsors The well-known and used definition of literacy sponsor is Debra Brandt’s, that says they “are any agents, local or distant, concre... ... middle of paper ... ...ore, but it is hard to know if that would have been the outcome. There could have been many different discourse communities and literacy sponsors that I could have followed and taken part of to higher my academic status but in the end, it was my decision and somewhat fate that determined what I participated in and I am satisfied with the choices. Discourse communities and literacy sponsors are very useful terms to know while in college reading and writing in order to understand and finish the course. This paper is a great example as a whole on why these two terms are indeed useful, without them this paper could not have been written. Everyone is involved somehow with a discourse community and literacy sponsor so it is always good to understand what these things are that you are involved with and how to notice them in college reading and writing along with the world.