Training Investing in effective employee training which are will increase skills, knowledge, productivity, morale and help reduce workplace incidents. Employers are required to provide such training to employees as is necessary to enable the employees to perform their work in a manner that is safe and without risks to health. The employees working with slips in trips and cutter machines where the pallets is cut and shaped. The cutting machines needs to deal careful because it can cause injury if their hands get too close to the blade. Therefore, the employees should know how to cut it carefully.
The duty of management is very important to improve and sustain effective workplace health and safety management systems. This can be done by following these precautions: - making sure that the identified hazards has been controlled - following procedures of health and safety - working together with the employees to find the best ways to develop health and safety - health and safety discussions Hazard identification Hazard identification and assessment is at the foundation of a quality occupational health and safety management system. - assess a work site and identify the potential hazards - Arrange a written hazard assessment include the methods used to control or eliminate the hazards. - share the workers in the hazard assessment - Ensure that all workers are familiar about the potential hazards and the control measures. Hazards Control: Hazards should be completely eliminated whenever it is possible.
With hazards identified and the risks evaluated a control strategy is designed to minimise exposure to acceptable levels. Engineering control strategies aim to prevent illness and disease by the modification of tools, equipment and processes (Lloyd, 2002; Sanders & McCormick, 1993; Quinlan & Bohle, 1991). Similarly, ergonomics is an expert technical approach. The scientific study of the physical relationship between people, the equipment they use and the environment they work in. Their role is to optimise the relationship between worker and equipment by modifying the working environment (Quinlan & Bohle, 1991).
For these changes to be made successfully, configuration management needs to be done efficiently. One importance of configuration management is in the correction of errors in engineering drawings or documents (Crow, 2002). Human errors easily occur in the design, bills of quantities or drawings of a building; configuration control enhances the correction of such errors by finding the concerned document and the practitioner who will correct the document. The safety of a building is of paramount concern to the users as well as the usability and reliability. If any of these does not meet the requirements of the customer or the approving bodies, it would be necessary to make changes to the documents of the building; configuration and document control come in handy at this
According to Othman et al. (2008:49) the successful use of PPE requires good user training, good supervision, enforcement and the availability of the correct equipment. They further identified several types of PPE that will assist the wearer with maximum health risk if this equipment fails. The types of PPE includes: safety shoes, hearing protection, eye protection, hard hats, hand protection, protective clothing, safety harnesses and belts etcetera. 2.4.7 Evacuation plan Before and during the commencement of any project, construction organisations should take into consideration the possible risks and hazards that may take place.
In summation, it is authoritative for the patients to be educated about safety topics in using modifications. From the literature researched, the writer thinks that environmental modifications along with multifactorial interventions can make a difference for falls that an elderly can receive. Still, he thinks that there should be more research done on environmental assessment tools, flooring, and effective behavioral interventions. On his last thoughts, he believes that strategies should be patient focused and environmental modifications should be developed for that individual.
Monitoring and Measurement The goal of measurement and evaluation is to assess whether the management system you have implemented is effective. Recording and documenting your findings are imperative as to reduce occupational disease and injury. It is impelling that the OHSMS objectives be established, performance measures developed, collection of applicable information collected and results assessed. In order to guarantee performance, effectiveness and implemented controls, the OHSMS system needs to be reviewed regularly. Question Three Employer commitment to safety management practices The employer is able to exhibit their active commitment to health and safety in the work place, A proactive employer who demonstrates active roles in health and safety, who involves their staff as opposed to taking a lax approach to health and safety is more inclined to have a safer work environment.
When considering the customers of a leisure centre the factors which are likely to affect health and safety and promote a high level of customer satisfaction must be identified first. Then what must be determined is the ability to control this risk, after risks have been identified an effective prevention policy must be prepared for implementation. Within the physical confines of a leisure centre there are certain aspects of the environment that are of particular important when trying to balance the paramount need of a safe environment ,a pre set budget and the desire to maximize customer satisfaction. These factors include essential housekeeping issues such as maintenance on buildings and equipment, factors affecting by legislation including noise, light, air temperature and renewal and statutory requirements on electrical risks, chemicals storage etc and other external issues such as customer confidence in staff commitment and ability to become professional in areas such as First Aid. Initially the leisure centre management has to develop a Health and Safety policy in conjunction with the public.
- Raw materials must be inspected and testing before and after use. - Tests must be carried out at each process stages, so as to safe guide cross contamination. If this do happen, it will be easily identified at that stage, when, where and what might have gone wrong. - After production, equipment must be cleaned properly and tested for cross contamination (GMP). - Air going in and out of production should be controlled by using filters e.g.
The board should consider the health and safety implications of introducing new processes, new working practices or new personnel, dedicating adequate resources to the task and seeking advice where necessary. Boardroom decisions must be made in the context of the organisation’s health and safety policy; it is important to ‘design-in’ health and safety when implementing change. How can it be done • Leadership is more effective if visible – board members can reinforce health and safety policy by being seen on the ‘shop floor', following all safety measures themselves and addressing any breaches immediately. • Consider health and safety when deciding senior management appointments. • Having procurement standards for goods, equipment and services can help prevent the introduction of expensive health and safety hazards.