Leadership plays a primary role in influencing an employee’s actions towards the achievement of organizational goals. iii. Bojadjiev, Kostovski, and Buldioska (2015) state that there are conflicting opinions on the idea that leadership style should or can adapt to different situations. iv. Sethuraman and Suresh (2014) add that literatures have stated that the key elements for a successful organization are leadership style and competency.
(415). After analyzing the two quotes, I ask myself ?What is leadership?? I believe that leadership is the process of directing and guiding the behaviors of others in the appropriate directions to accomplish the goals and missions previously set. Schermerhorn and Bartol highlight the same issue, however although they are extremely similar, they address it in different words. A leader is a person who is ambitious, determined, focused, and motivated to achieve the organizational goals.
2002). Individual self motivation is an essential construct that describes leadership competency or identity given that the ability of the leaders to have self motivation is important in leadership identity and the ability of the leaders to influence followers (Yun et al. 2006). Another report by Bandura (2001) indicates that leadership competencies have a direct relationship with the ability of the leader to ensure organizational performance and performance is linked to the ability of the leader to utilize and identify resources to meet the goals of the organization. While the resources can be both external and internal, this study mainly focuses on a leader’s internal resources.
James (2005) defines leadership as a process of guidance that is carried out in order to achieve goals and improve the organization. Most writers would agree with Burns (1979) that the prime task of leaders is to bring about change and that change requires leadership. The scale of change needed adds a considerable amount of weight to the leadership required for deployment. Leadership has been defined in many ways by various authors and theorists, but is widely regarded as the key enabler of the change process. Most definitions share the assumption that it involves an influence process concerned with facilitating the performance of a collective task, as viewed by Burnes (2009) who defined leadership as the process of establishing goals and motivating others to pursue and achieve these goals.
An authoritarian leader does the entire decision making on his own and only informs the subordinates about his decisions. Democratic leader is the one who includes all subordinates in decision making and consider their recommendations (Harris, 2004). On functional level, author has made distinction production oriented and relationship oriented leadership. Production oriented leadership is in which leaders are more interested about the production of their organization whereas; some of the leaders are more relationship oriented in which they tend to focus on their relationships with their subordinates. The research further shows that those leaders are more successful in their practical settings who are relationships oriented because they are able to closely recognize the needs of their subordinates which leads to even a better production of the
The team jointly identifies plans, procedures, goals, vision, and develops strategies to achieve the leader’s objectives. The leader, leads by acting as a sort of facilitator: a guiding hand. Of course the leader does task delegation and team formation. But in general, a participatory leader involves as many stakeholders as possible when making decisions. This is important because most organizations make decisions with little input from the regular employees: decisions are top down and hierarchical (Hogan & Hogan, 1994).
One must understand that in order to have sound management, strong leadership skills must be established. This is usual arise from within the organization as every employee may have the potential to channel the ... ... middle of paper ... ...alysis is a comparison of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and treats that help executives (leaders) formulate strategy, which are derived from external and internal analyses. I will continue to say that strategy formulation builds on swot analysis to utilize strengths of the organization in order to capitalize on opportunities, counteract threats and alleviate internal weaknesses. For swot analysis to be effective leadership skills must be establish and a leader must analyze the organization’s internal and external environment i.e. institutions, issues or people that affect the organization performance, identifying its strength and weaknesses.
Peter F. Drucker once said, “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things” (Famous-Quotes-And-Quotations.com, n. d.). Leading is a key function of management. Without leadership, valuable time spent on planning, organizing, and controlling can be lost with no productive end result. Because leadership is the core of management, a great deal of focus must be placed on its key components. “Leading means influencing other people to get the job done, maintaining morale, molding company structure and managing conflicts and communication” (Dessler, 2004, p. 3).
It can create a dynamic structure where work members develop confidence and trust towards each other. This paper will seek to conduct a critical appraisal of the article. Core Research Question The study seeks to identify the impact of differentiated leadership on the performance of work teams. Differentiated leadership refers to the use of customized approaches to motivate and inspire the workforce. This means that every individual is assumed to have a different set of notions, attitudes, and norms (Wu, Tsui & Kinicki, 2010: Pg 90).
Northouse (2012) defines leadership as “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.”. Leadership is a crucial element in teamwork; some argue a team essentially relies on motivation and guidance from their leader. Managers generally adopt a leadership style and implement it in their work and within their team. Examples of leadership styles are: authoritarian, democratic, laissez faire, transactional and transformational. This essay will discuss authoritarian and democratic leadership, considering the influence and impact they have on a team to evaluate different elements of teamwork and how conflict is managed and resolved within a team.