Digital crime and terrorism is one of the remaining challenges that law enforcement must address to guarantee greater global security and harmony. Law enforcement agencies therefore need better means through which they can forecast the past, present and future aspects of digital crimes so that they can be well equipped to restrict the actions of those who perpetrate such crimes. This paper is going to analyze the eight key forecasts that are related to digital crime and how law enforcement agencies can come with strategies to combat these crimes. Forecast 1: The need for allocating law enforcement agencies more resources to combat cyber crimes The forecast highlights the need for a shift in law enforcement and justice agencies across all jurisdictions to make officers who serve under such departments well equipped to eliminate digital crimes. One of the key areas under such a forecast will be the introduction of appropriate technology with systems that can collect cyber crime data within the jurisdictions in which these crimes take place. Business and private organizations that transact a lot through the internet are at risk of falling prey to cyber criminals and therefore more computer crime laws need to be enacted to seal loopholes that exist in enforcing the law. Privacy laws should be updated to include activities that are done through the web and this will help law enforcers to deal with cyber criminals who gain access to documents and information that they are not entitled to (Taylor, Caeti, & Fritsch, 2010, pp. 310-312). Forecast 2: Internet fraud and identity theft The issue of monetary fraud through the internet is one that is becoming challenging to law enforcers because of the increase in the number of people and... ... middle of paper ... ... This can then be used as a ruse for extortion and blackmail against the targeted organizations. Law enforcement agencies must be on the look out for such incidents because they can cause disruptions of essential functions by cyber criminals (Gragido, Pirc, & Rogers, 2011, pp. 86-88). Works Cited Brenner S. (2007). Law in an era of smart technology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Broadhurst R. and Grabosky P. (2005). Cyber-crime: The challenge in Asia. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. Gragido W, Pirc J. and Rogers R. (2011). Cybercrime and Espionage: An Analysis of Subversive Multivector Threats. Burlington: Elsevier. Mansell R. and Raboy M. (2011). The Handbook of Global Media and Communication Policy. London: John Wiley and Sons. Taylor R., Caeti T. and Fritsch E. (2010). Digital crime and digital terrorism. New York: Prentice Hall.
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., & Holt, T. J. (2011). Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism 2nd edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
We have grown accustomed to having the Internet at our fingertips no matter where we go. It is impressive that with less than 10 clicks we could talk, make a transaction or finish a business deal. As with anything, there are always ups and downs. The Internet is extremely useful and without it people and businesses would not be able to function properly; but along with those benefits comes a real danger, and that danger is Cybercrime. Cybercrime put simply is any crime committed on the Internet, whether it is downloading music illegally to cyber-terrorism. In today’s modern era, cyber crime is almost unavoidable, it is essential to prepare yourself and learn as much as you can in order to protect your assets. The Internet is a powerful tool that can be used for good or evil but is up to you to choose.
Author Citron stresses the importance of the law enforcement using those tools they have to track down individuals that are intentionally and maybe even non intentionally engaging in cyber
In todays fast pace world of technology many of us leave ourselves vulnerable to become victims of a cybercrime. With people using the internet to do everything from paying bills, personal banking, and on-line shopping their financial and personal information is available at the stroke of a key to a hacker. Often someone is unaware that they have been attacked and had their information stolen. The use of the internet has grown exorbitantly throughout the world. Nelson Online reported that as of December 31, 2014, there were 360,985,492 users of the internet throughout the world. (2015) With so many users in so many countries accessing the internet, prosecuting cybercrimes is nearly impossible.
The world has become increasingly run by technology. Technology has benefited society and prompted new methods of research and development. Even with its many benefits, the use of technology has led to the growth of cybercrime. Cybercrime is one of the fastest types of growing crime (Anderson, 2013). With the continued growth of the technology industry, the crime rate will continue to skyrocket (Ellyatt, 2013).
The following report takes into consideration two recent cybercrimes for the purpose of analyzing what cybercrime is and who is responsible for it. The opinions of Joseph Migga Kizza and Lawrence Lessig will be evaluated as they relate to the two cybercrimes. As part of the analysis, the underlying assumptions and the practical implications of the two authors will be considered.
History affords for the realization that criminals have always existed. The only variable in their existence is time, which inevitable subjects them to initiate changes in their methodology, unique to every generation. Our generation exists in an error where the application of information communication technology as proliferated by the internet, has become part and parcel of our daily lives. The internet influences how we live, work and play as part of our daily routines. It is this inevitable quandary that has provided criminals with a new frontier for their activities; one that they can operate within with absolute stealth and the cunningness of a fox. This is the age of cyber criminals, individuals who specialize in stealing people’s identities and personal information by hacking into their computers or internet based accounts. Their rise has presented security challenges for both public and private sectors, but mostly the public under the government, which is ultimately tasked with protecting each and every citizen. With the government ubiquitously admitting to an austere shortage in cyber professionals, should the government consider hiring cyber criminals as watchdogs of cyber security?
Robert Moore’s Cybercrime: Investigating High-Technology Computer Crime is an informative text that supplies the reader with basic understandable knowledge of increasing cybercrimes and strategies that law enforcement are taking in order to catch cyber criminals. Moore’s work has a total of thirteen chapters that are full of information that help the reader better understand the different cybercrime threats such as, hacking, identity theft, child pornography, and financial fraud. Moore also goes into detail on different law enforcement tactics that help catch cyber criminals such as, the seizing of digital evidence, executing search warrants for digital evidence, computer forensics, and cybercriminology. Moore’s main goal is to help the reader grasp a better understanding of cybercrime that faces the world today. Through reading this book, I can validly say that Moore’s thorough work, perspectives, and examples helped me better understand high-technology computer crime and investigative strategies as well.
Now that we have the definition of cybercrime we will address what the personality profile of a typical cyber-criminal are, and give more details pertain to some our findings about cyber crimes. We will then move on to some of the specific kind of crimes that cyber-criminals might commit, and formulate a policy for what we should do about cyber criminals who work from foreign countries that are hostile to the United States, or lack extradition treaty with the United States.
Computers were once thought to be a great tool to use for everything from typing to communicating with relatives in other states. However, criminals are using computers to do all types of illegal crimes such as identity theft, hacking, prostitution and many others. The police must figure a way to curtail these crimes when they are committed. Cybercrimes can be committed from any city in the world. In order to fight cybercrimes, the police are going to need to discuss how the criminals were able to facilitate such crimes. It may be necessary to send police undercover into the organizations that operate the
The biggest case of cyber crimes are cases of fraud. “Online fraud comes in many forms. It ranges from viruses that attack computers with the goal of retrieving personal information, to email schemes that lure victims into wiring money to fraudulent sources” (What is “online fraud”). When browsing the internet, people will often stumble upon free trial websites. Some of these websites are real, but many are fake. Real examples can include ones like Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon Prime. The fake websites, such as one offering to great of a deal to imagine are often attempts of fraud, to gain access to credit card information.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, over the past few years, have worked diligently monitoring and combatting criminal behavior occurring on the Internet. To do this, they have joined forces with the National White Collar Crime Center and formed an organization known as the IC3. The IC3 was developed in 2000 with its purpose of combating Internet crimes. This organization accepts criminal complaints that occur on the Internet. The IC3 conducts investigations into the complaints and with sufficient evidence or cause, refers them to state, local, federal or international law enforcement agencies for further investigations. The IC3 mission is to “serve as a vehicle to receive, develop, and refer criminal complaints regarding the rapidly expanding arena of cybercrime.” (IC3, n.d.).
Based on a study, it is believed that to understand the phenomena of cybercrime one must completely need to be familiar with the concept behind crime. The four major roles that can be accessible with the help of computers in conducting crime are: objects, subjects, tools, and symbols. Since, the criminal conducts the offense through the technological intervention with the use of internet and computers. They attack the subjects and creates the environment to commit crimes. There is drastic increase seen in criminal activities, which becomes a major concern with growing technologies and use of internet as a tool. The easiness to access crime without being present physically in it and use of few resources makes it quite differ from any other crime. This newness potentially presents new challenges for the lawmakers at globally. There is a need of strong as well as effective mechanism to combat such criminal activities is cyberspace.
Cybercrimes is rapidly growing and increasing at a substantial rate. This is a crime that affects everyone no matter where a person lives. Anything that connects to the internet is susceptible to attack. In fact Verizon quoted, “No locale, no industry or organization is bulletproof when it comes to compromise of data”. IBM President and CEO Ginni Rometty described cybercrime as, “The greatest threat to every profession, every industry, and every company in the world”. Individuals are just as susceptible to attack. There is a hacker attack every 39 seconds, affecting 1 in 3 Americans. In this essay I will cover types of cybercrimes and the affect they have on businesses, government agencies, and the economy.