Differentiating the Diagnosis Between Autism and Asperger's Disorders

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Twenty years ago, we seldom heard of the terms Autism or Asperger's Syndrome. Today the terminology seems to be as well known as the words Schizophrenia or Down Syndrome . Most of us know someone who has a relative with one of these disorders, or have a child or a relative ourselves who has been diagnosed. While the terms are recognizable, these disorders are relatively new to the ordinary citizen. The knowledge of the cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are even further limited. For those who have children or siblings that have one of these disorders, the symptoms and treatment are very well known, as they immerse themselves into learning as much as possible about the disorder.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Pervasive Developmental Disorders, which encompasses an array of disorders, including Autism, Asperger's, Rhett's Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (Sue, Sue, & Stanley, 2010). These disorders differ distinctly from psychotic conditions because they do not include hallucinations, delusions or incoherence, and most children with these disorders have normal body features (Sue, Sue, & Stanley, 2010). It is reported that ASD is prevalent in approximately 6.7 per 1,000, and that ASD occurs four to five times more frequently in males than in females; ASD also does not afflict one socioeconomic class over another (Sue, Sue, & Stanley, 2010).
Autism is a neurobiological condition in which the person experiences life long pervasive difficulties with social interaction, communication, and demonstrates restricted and repetitive behaviors, as well as issues with delay in cognitive and language development (Le Couteur, 2008). Asperger's Syndrome is...

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... think will begin to show society that just because they are different, we can still interact with them, and they can be a productive part of the world we live in.

Works Cited

Admin, P. C. (2014). Presidia Creative. Retrieved from Presidia Creative: http://www.presidiacreative.com/famous-people-autism/
Le Couteur, A. H. (2008). Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders in Pre-school Children Using Two Standardised Assessment Instruments: The ADI-R and the ADOS. Journal Of Autism & Developmental Disorders , 38(2), 362-372.
Sue, D., Sue, D. W., & Stanley, S. (2010). Understanding Abnormal Behavior, 9th Edition. Boston: Cengage Learning.
Wellington. (2008). New Zealand Autism Specturm Disorder Guideline Appendix 4. Ministry of Health .
Woods, A. G. (213). Treating clients with Asperger's syndrome and autism. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry & Mental Health , pp. 7(1), 1-8.

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