This quote is from a person who suffers with schizophrenia and describes it better than anyone on the outside of the disorder ever could. Schizophrenia is a key mental illness that negatively affects a person life and their surrounding environments (DSM-IV-TR. 4th). This paper will shed some light into this horrible mental ailment. It will discuss the symptoms and treatment for the disorder in a non-scientific, more familiar way.
Schizophrenia is an illness. The symptoms of schizophrenia usually last a lifetime. Persons suffering from schizophrenia have a distorted perception of reality which includes hallucinations and delusions affecting their thinking. They also have what are called negative symptoms; these include social withdrawal and blunted affect. Along with the thought and affect, there is also cognitive dysfunction.
Schizophrenia & It’s History The purpose of this paper is to explore schizophrenia as a psychological disorder. Schizophrenia is a chronic and usually serious mental disorder affecting a variety of aspects of behavior, thinking, and emotions (DSM-IV-TR., 2001). Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling and puzzling mental disorders (Pierangelo & Giulani, 2007). Individuals with this disorder may experience delusions and hallucinations, in which case they are considered psychotic (Chan & Chen, 2011). Schizophrenics may also experience social withdrawal and disinterest.
A/ J., Chawluk, J. B., Kushner, M., Reivich, M. Regional brain function in schizophrenia. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 44:119, 1987- Grebb, J. A., Weinberger, D. R. and Wyatt, R. J. Schizophrenia.
Typically, the patient exhibits prodromal signs such as social isolation and withdrawal, role impairment, eccentric behavior, decreased affect, and disregard for personal hygiene. These then generally give way to intermittent psychotic episodes with intervening, sometimes long negative symptom periods. The so called positive symptoms of schizophrenia include disordered thinking and memory; the patient may display incoherent speech and rapid shifting to unrelated ideas. Delusions and false or bizarre beliefs, hallucinations, and perceptual difficulties also comprise the symptomology. Schizophrenic persons usually have an absence of feeling, a sense of remoteness and inappropriate reactions.
The paper then goes on to discuss how these views affected what was considered to be effective treatment for schizophrenia (e.g., sedation) and delineates how the notion of what should constitute effective treatment changed over the years. The paper also explores various medications that were used to treat the condition. Introduction Butcher, Mineka and Hooley (2003) define schizophrenia as a brain disorder in which there is a failure of the brain's chemical or electrical systems to function properly, resulting in a variety of unusual neural twists, such as disjointed ideas, confused or disconnected thoughts, and sounds or other sensations experienced as real when they exist only in the person's mind. The prevalence of the disorder is estimated to be about one percent of the population in most countries including the United States. Butcher, Mineka and Hooley also note that there are no sex-related difference for the prevalence of schizophrenia among men and women with the exception of a slight difference in the average age of onset with men showing symptoms a few years earlier than women.
HISTORY EPIDEMIOLOGY CLINICAL FEATURES COURSE PROGNOSIS DIAGNOSTIC TYPES ETIOLOGY NEUROPATHOLOGICAL STUDIES GENETICS DOPAMINE HYPOTHESIS OTHER NEUROTRANSM1TTER SYSTEMS TREATMENT Schizophrenia is sometimes considered the most devastating of the mental illnesses because its onset is early in a patient’s life, and its symptoms can be destructive to the patient and to the patient’s family and friends. Although schizophrenia is usually discussed as if it were a single disease, this diagnostic category can include a variety of disorders that present with somewhat similar behavioral symptoms. Schizophrenia probably comprises a group of disorders with heterogeneous causes and definitely includes patients whose clinical presentations, treatment responses , and courses of illness were varied. HISTORY: Emil Kraepelin, a noted German psychiatrist, observed that among hospitalized psychotic patients there were two types of clinical course. The first seemed to be characterized by exacerbation’s and remissions in mood and cognitive functioning which he called "manic depression", and a second type characterized by a chronic psychotic course with its onset in youth and deteriorating social functioning which he called "dementia praecox."
Schizophrenia, a mental disorder that is linked to genetic and environmental factors, manifests itself in a variety of symptoms over time. Schizophrenia makes telling the difference between reality and non-reality difficult. Schizophrenia also makes it troublesome for sufferers to think clearly or respond normally or appropriately in social situations. There is scientific evidence demonstrating a variety of biological and environmental aspects that contribute to the development of schizophrenia. First, the strongest evidence points to genetic factors that contribute to the risk of developing schizophrenia.