Like Athens, lower class people are at a large disadvantage in these countries. Athens and Sparta have set examples that some countries still follow today. The poleis Sparta and Athens had many different ideas on how to run their societies. They overcame their differences and fought off the Persian invasion to defend their homeland. Without this victory our history would look very different.
Spartan government consisted mainly of oligarchy, or the rule of society by a small group of people, which was represented by the Spartan military. Although Sparta did possess a dual monarchy of two kings, these kings were soldiers first. The laws of Spartan civilization were decided upon by its military class, a small class that was outnumbered by the minority slave-class, the helots. In his essay “Athens & Sparta: Democracy vs. Dictatorship”, Dr. Peter J. Brand states, “This serf class outnumbered the Spartans many times over, so to keep the helots under control and suppress rebellions, the Spartans organized their entire society along military lines (Brand,
The tyrants contributed most in that they eliminated the presence of the aristocracy leaving each citizen to prove their worth by their service of the polis (84). Throughout this period, tyrants ruled their individual city-states, and allied themselves with other allies to prevent war (84). After the end of the dark ages, Polytheism arose as a central religion connecting Greek peoples (85). During this age, the polis was still apparent though differed tremendously between different states (87). Sparta and Athens, though powerful and influential Greek states were among these poleis and though they were perhaps, the most likely of the states to unite Greece both were unfit.
Lets Just say every thing is important to Sparta! They valued military and combat excellence over every thing else. They believed that intelligen... ... middle of paper ... ...s government is democratic. Sparta was actually formed by dorian invaders and Athenians are ancestors of Ionians. Sparta is located in the Laconia region meanwhile Athens is located in the Attica region.
Sparta also had access to the Laconian Gulf via a harbor Gytheio. This geographic location substantially contributed to the Spartans defense against invading enemies. The founding of Sparta varies by sources, from the mythical to historical stories. Tradition believes that the son of Zeus, Lacedaemon, established the city-state, naming Sparta after his wife. Historians believe the factual beginning of Sparta was after the land was invaded and conquered by the Dorians.
Both Greece and Rome architecture were connected because of the similarities of the temples and other vast structures both civilizations have created. Roman architecture was greatly influenced from Greek architecture but the Romans were known for adding their own style. Both places chose between three different styles of columns those columns being Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styled. While both civilizations used these types of styles they both preferred different styles while the Greek preferred the Doric style the Romans preferred the Corinthian style because it was more sophisticated. While Greeks usually like to support their ceilings with a post and lintel style which was where two columns held up a third one, Romans added their own style and used arches, which helped to add elegance to Roman architecture which could be shown by the Roman aqueducts.
The most prominent of the early invaders, who were called the Achaeans, had, in all probability, been forced to migrate by other invaders. They overran southern Greece and established themselves on the Peloponnesus. Many other, vaguely defined tribes, were assimilated in the Helladic culture. Ancient Greece Gradually, in the last period of Bronze Age Greece, the Minoan civilization fused with the mainland. By 1400 BC the Achaeans were in possession of the island itself, and soon afterward gained control of the mainland.
“[Metics] and women were not citizens and did not enjoy any of the privileges of citizenship.”(Sayre, 137) Athenian citizens had to be descended from citizens, excluding the children of Athenian men and foreign women. Individuals could be granted citizenship in to Athens by the assembly this was usually as a reward for some service to the state. Ancient Greece paved the way for the representative democratic style of government that is practiced by many countries today. Much like how voting rights started out in America, originally only the wealthy land owners were allowed to vote and call themselves citizens, but soon all men were allowed to have a vote and a voice in their states politics. Essentially the Greeks were the first to introduce citizen rights and freedom similar to what’s seen today.
The Ancient Greeks were nothing if not influential. Ever since it 's formation in the 8th century B.C., Greek civilization has impacted many of the world 's greatest thinkers and shaped the landscape of Western Civilization. Aside from their art and philosophy, the Ancient Greeks were particularly interested in politics and, in the case of Athens, a new system of government known as: democracy! Long before the American founding fathers declared their independence from Britain, Athenian citizens governed their own state and voted to solve political turmoil. However, ancient Athens was no perfect twin to American democracy, and being an upstanding Athenian citizen meant more than simply voting and going about one 's business.
Greek legacies are their governmental systems, culture and arts, and science and technology. Classical Greece was a time where the growth of a community held strong through times of plague, wars, and numerous breakthroughs. A major legacy left by classical Greece was a government based on direct democracy. With a direct democracy, citizens ruled by majority vote. The citizenship was expanded to all free males, except foreigners.