Differences And Comparison Of Jean Piaget And Vygotsky

1380 Words6 Pages
Compare and Contrast: Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky Piaget And Vygotsky are two new psychologist that forces on the influential theory of cognitive development. Cognitive development is the growth of mental abilities from early childhood to the adult age. This process can help children learn about life skills and language to have a better cognitive development. They both took roles in children, roles of people in society to develop different skills. Both theories affect education in various ways for substantial growth. In this essay, I will focus on the difference in each approach, similarities and gain the better understanding of each theory standpoint. Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was a psychologist who provided an essential method to…show more content…
Vygotsky believes that social interaction will help with children to be more knowledgeable in society. He felt that culture teaches people how to think and ways to learn and memorize. He used zone of proximal development to engage with the level of performance a child can co-exist and achieve with someone with more knowledge. The Zone of Proximal Development provides that a child can independently accomplish specific tasks with guidance and encouragement from a knowledgeable adult. It is known that no child can exceed the zone of proximal. Vygotsky suggests a child’s environment is a vital contributor to development and learning. Children learn when they are left alone. In Vygotsky theory language is very important; the use of word helps enhance their cognitive…show more content…
Piaget approach based on physical and social interaction aspect of cognitive development. According to Piaget, the establishment of operational behavior opposed to being a consequential reaction. This autonomous approach aids an individual in confronting the intersection of the physical and social worlds by perceiving action, operation, and social interaction collectively. Contrary to Vygotsky, he thinks heteronomous existence depends solely on a diverse social structure where the individual confronted with contrasting worldviews. In Vygotsky’s (1978) opinion, children begin to develop a personal directive in life and acquire beliefs about their position in society and the world based on their interaction with their environment. Vygotsky focuses on external action, activity, and
Open Document