What is Sociology one might ask, Sociology is the study of human behaviour, collective action, interaction, and the consequences of these behaviours, actions and interactions. We study sociology. “ Things are not what they seem”, Peter Berger. Was a famous statement and the of sociology ams to prove it. Sociologists aim to “look behind curtains” to understand the complexity of society.
First, it has the objective of describing the social world in the most possible detailed way. Second, Sociology can help to understand the social world and what why and how specific patterns happen. Third, the use of Sociology to influence and improve the social world in which human beings live. Finally, sociology offers a distinctive way of seeing and understanding the social world. To make it possible, sociologists have needed to develop sociological imagination, which is the sociological way to look at the world and make connections between individual issues and trends that are present in the whole society.
For all of the aforementioned human sciences are not only about people and humanity but about society too. Sociology is also concerned with human culture. A provisional definition of culture used by sociologists is that of ' a way of life'. Sociology has always concerned itself with the study of culture and this would fit in with what we already know about sociology; namely it the study of people in society. Many have suggested that we can define sociology as the subject that deals with and explains social interaction.
A general definition of what sociology is would be that it is the systematic study of society, relationship and cultures on a macro and micro level. To study sociology is to include different subjects in coming to a hypothesis, an example being social psychology. These two subjects tend to entwine quite often, the reason being that the two areas attempt to answer many of the same vital questions in relation to humans and their actions, however with sociology focusing on a less individual level. In a nutshell, it would look more at the ‘bigger picture’. The study of social anthropology is another field which has many similarities to sociology.
Hall attributed the turmoil he observed to recapitulation, a biological theory in which adolescence mirrors the "savage, pigmoid" stage of evolutionary development (Epstein 2007). Further, brain imaging studies noted differences in scans of adolescents and adults while performing tasks. It was theorized that the differences in teens’ brains were the cause of the turmoil and the myth evolved to the belief that teenagers are less motivated and put less effort into tasks (Epstein, 2007)--some see them as rebellious and irresponsible. It is now known that turmoil is not an inevitable part of human development. The author argued that differences between the teen brain and adult brain scans are not necessarily evidence of immaturity, deficits in reasoning, intelligence, cognition, or in any other function of the brain.
Social theory allows for sociologists to question all aspects of society and develop theories as to why certain human behaviors occur. Therefore, studying social theory helps to explain these theories and allows people to understand its importance. A great example of this understanding would be with Emile Durkheim’s theory of The Division of Labor in Society. This theory creates an insight on how modern society is not held together by people’s similarities but rather though the division of labor. According to the textbook, Sociological Theory, “it is the division of labor itself that pulls people together by forcing them to be dependent on each other, and that the economic services that it can render are insignificant compared with the moral effect that it produces and its true function is to create between two or more people a feeling of solidarity” (Ritzer & Siepnisky, 2011, p. 85).
He understood the personal levels of sociology and how to connect a person’s experiences with the social factors of their society. Mills wanted to interpret the factors of how humans interact and how they are more diverse instead of thinking they all are the same. The connection to human feelings, rather than the numbers, in sociological studies is, by far, Mills most important contribution to
Therefore, the issues of race, ethnicity and social constructions are best understood as themes of sociology. In the globalized world, there exist various diverse people with different racial backgrounds, different cultural values and beliefs as well as diverse social structures and constructions. The modern man intermingles with people having all the above traits and it is only through sociological approach that it becomes possible to relate and understand the people and their diverse backgrounds. On the other hand, the study of sociology provides us with social norms which are very useful in determination of the material cultures, non material cultures and the socializing agents in the society. These three components of a social system are very important in the running of the day to day life activities since they act as the guides towards human behaviors and the way in which human beings are expected or supposed to react to certain situations.
Sociological Viewpoint toward Societal Problems: Societal problems have traditionally been examined through various viewpoints i.e. psychological, policy-oriented, or criminal justice perspectives. However, one of the most crucial perspectives to adopt in examining societal problems is a sociological viewpoint rather than the previously mentioned approaches. This is primarily because this perspective provides equally important components of understanding social problems in today’s society. Notably, the other perspectives are valid in social science and have considerable significance in understanding social problems in the society.
The meaning of sociological theory A sociological theory is statements of why and how particular facts about the social world related. Different sociological theories • Structural-functional, is a sociological theory that attempts to explain why society functions the way it does. • Social conflict, is the struggle for power or agency in society. • Feminism, is the advocacy of women’s right on the ground the equality of the sexes. • Symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of sociological theory.