Difference Between Realism And Humanitarian Intervention

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The liberal paradigm contrasts the realist’s view of the state being the main actor in the international sphere, as liberalists argue that humans have ‘fundamental natural rights to liberty consisting in the right to do whatever they think fit to preserve themselves’. Although Liberals accept that humans and states both have the desire to increase their own personal interest and power, they also strongly believe in international cooperation, which can be made possible through organisations such as the United Nations. Humanitarian intervention is evidently better understood through the lenses of the liberal paradigm due to the moral obligation humans have to prevent mass killings and human rights violations resulting in humanitarian intervention,…show more content…
Realist 's posit that in regard to humanitarian intervention, states only act in order to further their self-interest as realism believes the state is the only entity that is worth considering. Therefore, realism cannot be used as a basis to make a decision on humanitarian intervention due to the objectivity the paradigm has towards human rights and the morality states must have when considering intervention. The incapability of realist methods being implemented on the subject of humanitarian intervention is evident through considering the abundant of times realist methods have been used by states in intervention often resulting in failure and the loss of countless lives, Iraq, Kosovo and Afghanistan being evidence of this. Liberalism on the other hand, and the belief in states being able to reach peaceful resolutions allows emphasis on moralism by many states. The evidence in humanitarian intervention being better understood through liberal methods is shown through the use of Responsibility to Protect in intervention resulting in success whereas, intervening for national and self-interests for example in Kosovo results in the losses of lives, and the failure in bringing peace. Therefore, it is apparent through the failures of realist methods in humanitarian interventions such as Iraq, Rwanda and Kosovo and the successes of the use of liberalist methods, that humanitarian intervention is evidently better understood through the lenses of the liberal
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