The United States is for peace and freedom for all people but they aren’t doing enough to help out the middle east. The United States must take action to settle the conflict in the middle east to preserve life for the people and save the holy land. Before you can solve the problem in the middle east you have to understand how they became what they are today. It all started at the end of World War I and the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The southern portion of their empire was left to the British which they called “Palestine.” The Jews stated to again migrate to the area and rid it of swamps and malaria, “they did not rid the land of the few Arabs that were there though(United).” For this reason many Arabs also migrated in to this area for a better quality of life.
In a series of letters, the McMahon letters, Sheriff Hussein of Mecca- the most widely recognised Muslim leader in the middle east- agreed with Sir Henry McMahon- British High Commissioner in Egypt- that the Arabs would rebel against the Turks. In return the British, at the end of the war, would help the Arabs to form a united Arab state out of the Arab lands of the Ottoman Empire. The Arabs assumed that Palestine would be part of their new state, although the Hussein-McMahon letters did not state that precisely. Both sources B2 and B3 tell us about Britain's policies and their
Zionism is the force that led to the creation of Israel where it is today. Zionism gained large international clout after the British issued the Balfour declaration, which stated that the British would like a Jewish state in Palestine (Renton). The Balfour Declaration gave the Zionists a big right to take over land in Palestine because the British had control of what was then called Mandatory Palestine. The British had controlled Palestine since the Ottoman Empire collapsed. Basically, when the Zionists decided they wanted to create a state in Palestine, they went to the British with the Balfour Declaration in hand, and there wasn't much the British could do but gi... ... middle of paper ... ... 2004.
This conflict of land ownership between The Palestinians and The Jews started with the collapsing of the Ottoman Empire and the many conflicting deals and agreements that the western power made with the Israelis and the Arab people. The Balfour Declaration gave the land of Palestine to the Jews and proclaims that the indigenous people who are living there the Palestinians may still live there and states; "nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine"(Kilgore 1992). The Balfour Declaration promises Palestine land to the Jewish people, but it promises equality to the Palestinians. The British also made conflicting promises with the Arab people in the Ottoman Empire for ownership of the same land in a series ' letters between a British representative of Egypt Henry McMahon and Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca. Hussein saw these letters as formal promises he believed these letters would result in a free Arabic country in which his family would rule.
This resolution was shortly passed after World War II, with the events of this war helping to strengthen the mindset and determination of the Jewish people fighting for their homeland and was in a way, pivotal to the movement. However, plans for a independent Jewish state was already in talks before World War II had even began. Late into the 19th century, Zionism (a biblical name for Jerusalem) started to rise when Theodor Herzl published an article that concluded Jewish assimilation and emancipation could not work in Europe. It was this that started plans for the creation of a Jewish statehood. During this time, the population of Jews were spread out across different countries, and in each of these countries, they had represented a minority.
Both the Allies and Central Powers needed Jewish support, but Germany could not espouse Zionism due to its ties with the Ottoman Empire, which still controlled Palestine. British Prime Minister Lloyd George & Foreign Secretary Lord Balfour, favored Zionism and supported their cause in a letter that became known as the Balfour Declaration, ensuring that the British government would control Palestine after the war with a commitment to build the Jewish national home there, promising only to work for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine and not harm the civil and religious rights of Palestine’s "existing non-Jewish communities". After the Great War, Britain’s Forces jointly occupied the area known as Palestine with Faysal’s (Iraq) Arab army. The British set up a provisional military government in Jerusalem that soon became a struggle between Jewish settlers and the Arab inhabitants. In April 1920, the Palestinian Arabs revolted, killing Jews and damaging property, opening the Arab nationalist revolution in Palestine.
However they were invaded in 1076 and taken over by the Muslims. From the time of the first crusade in 1096 to the time of the fifth crusade in 1221, the Israelis fought to keep their region safe. Regardless of the many battles over this land, the Jews should not have to fight the Palestinians over a land that was theirs in the first place. After the return of the Palestinian land for Jewish settlements the Arabs created a great contradiction. “By virtue of national and historical right of the Jewish people and by resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations we hereby proclaim the establishmen... ... middle of paper ... ...protected.
After several international mediation efforts had failed, Britain and France agreed in mid-October 1956 to undertake a joint intervention in Egypt. Aware of the upcoming Israeli plan to invade the Sinai, French officials suggested that a France-British force could enter Egypt and separate the combatants, while actually seizing control of the entire Suez waterway. (2) On 26 October, the United States learned of Israel's military mobilization, and President Dwight Eisenhower sent the first of two personal messages to Israeli Prime Minister Ben Gurion asking that Israel do nothing to endanger the peace. In the Mediterranean on the 28th, the U.S. Sixth Fleet was placed on alert. (3) Undeterred by U.S. diplomatic maneuvering, Israeli forces began attacks in Egypt on 29 October.The canal had many useful reason like trading, and to to have Nassar take control of stopped any other country from trading with country's like Isreal and this also stopped isreal from exporting their goods.
Israeli-Palestinian Conflict The history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict goes back many decades, to when the UN formed Israel in 1948. The conflict is between the Israelis who are Jewish, and the Palestinians who are Arabs, with both sides fighting over land rights in the Middle East. The surrounding countries of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon, support the Palestinians, in their fight to get their homeland back. The Palestinian supporting countries immediately attacked Israel, and a big conflict in the Middle East began. The Israelis believe they have sole rights to govern, and live in their country, although the Palestinians think they should be able to live on their homeland, which they have inhabited for many centuries.
Zionism is the belief that Jews should have their own homeland, and in 1917 the British decided to back Zionism with The Balfour Declaration. The Balfour Declaration was a letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild that made it public that the British were in support of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. After the Balfour Declaration the Jewish people started massive immigration to Palestine and the Arabs living in Palestine strongly objected to this Jewish immigration. Though both sides have long been going through a tough peace process, neither state has agreed to a final peace agreement that would put an end to the conflict. The violence from the confl... ... middle of paper ... ...lation of about 2.3 million.