First, it has the objective of describing the social world in the most possible detailed way. Second, Sociology can help to understand the social world and what why and how specific patterns happen. Third, the use of Sociology to influence and improve the social world in which human beings live. Finally, sociology offers a distinctive way of seeing and understanding the social world. To make it possible, sociologists have needed to develop sociological imagination, which is the sociological way to look at the world and make connections between individual issues and trends that are present in the whole society.
Using methods from common sense and ideology is what differentiates both social and natural science from non-science. Respectable sociology is logically derived from experiential proof (McNeill and Chapman, 2005: Pg.185). "The purpose of Sociology is the scientific study of human society through the investigation of people’s social behaviour". Giner ("Sociology", 1972) “Scientism is a term to suggest the firm application of the principles of science to the social world, so that an inflexible and inappropriate sociology is developed.” (Lawson, Garrod and Lawson, 2001: Pg. 446.)
Wright Mills has made many contributions to the discipline of sociology. From my perspective, Mills’s most important contribution to sociology was the opposition of the traditional “norms.” Many sociologists followed the ideas of Max Weber, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte, Emile Durkheim, and many more, who based their sociological analysis on numerical data. Although Mills valued these ideas, he had his own opinion. Mills sees sociology as about humans and their attitude instead of just numbers. He understood the personal levels of sociology and how to connect a person’s experiences with the social factors of their society.
The study of sociology has leads to a greater understanding of how individual and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. The study of sociology has provided valuable understanding how human behaviour is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. Sociologists study people as they form groups with one another. Also sociology places special emphasis on studying societies, both as individual entities and as element of a global perspective. The meaning of sociological theory A sociological theory is statements of why and how particular facts about the social world related.
1. Sociology is a study of groups, societies and their interactions, social behavior, including its origins, development, organization, networks and institution. It seeks to increase human understanding of the way the social world works. Like anthropology or economics, even sociology is a social science, but helps us understand the social forces that affect our behavior, beliefs and life chances. Sociology as a social science focuses heavily on systematic research following the rules of scientific method.
As far back as Auguste Comte, the father of the word Sociology, the relationship between applying the scientific method to the social world was clearly stated (Henslin, 2015, p.4). Sociologists may wear a variety of hats from data collectors to community planners, community destroyers, criminologists, and even social reformers (Berger, 1963). Sociology is simply the science of how human behavior is shaped by all the factors that influence society. Scientists that work in the field of sociology study any variety of factors that influence society like culture, group structure, and social class (Henslin, 2015). Sociologists perform research on behavior that may seem to differ drastically.
Introduction The term sociology is used to refer to the scientific study of the social behaviors and the societal components like the origin, its developments, the organization structure, institutional networks and the manner in which all these factors are related or fit into one system. Sociology is categorized as a social science because it applies empirical methods of investigation as well as the critical analysis of situations in the development of a pool of knowledge related to social orders or disorders and social relationships. The main aim of sociology therefore is to provide an avenue upon which human beings can understand each other as well as the social process around them. The modern time sociology entails understanding the society
Therefore, in the sociological approach is usually analyzed in the human society by understanding the process of starting up into human society as an individual . Sociology is the study of human social institutions and processes are objective and scientific communities . Sociology trying to figure out how society is possible , how it progresses, and how he stays there . By studying social institutions and all economic issues , religion , politics , etc. - all of which forms a social structure - we get an overview of the ways humans adapt to their environment , about the mechanisms of socialization , acculturation process that puts members of the public in place respectively .
Many sociologists come to a disagreement and different approaches to the Sociological concept of positivism and antipositivism. Positivism is the scientific study of social patterns. This pertains to the use of scientific methods to get a more clear understanding of the natural world. Auguste Comte was the founder of this concept. Comte believed the way that society interacts with individuals using positivism would usher in a new “positivist” age of history.
The phenomena of sociology according to Repko are the social nature of societies and of human interactions within them. Repko defines epistemology as the theory of knowledge and the branch of philosophy that explains how one knows what is true and how one validates the truth. Both political science and sociology fall under the social science category. Therefore, they both share common epistemologies. The social science disciplines embrace more than one epistemology.