One hand, as in the situational approach it is advised for a leader to adopt the development level of his or her subordinates. Otherhand, in the contingency theory, it is advised to a leader to match his or her styles with precise situation variables. But in this theory the focus is specifically on the relationship between the leader 's approach; and style with the characteristics of the subordinates in an organization, along with the work setting or the management. While this specific theory assures that subordinates will be aggravated if they think they are competent of performing their work, and also if they think their effort will not go to waste, rather will meet the goal of the organization; it shows how much a leader can accomplish if he or she took the initiative to motivate their subordinates in their everyday work. It will be challenging for leaders at the time to accomplish this goal, however, it is on the leader which approach they would choose to accolade or add enhancement in the work setting to ensure nothing is missing from the management location.
Yet a manager must also plan, organize, and control. Leadership deals with the interpersonal aspects of a manager's job, whereas planning, organizing, and controlling deal with the administrative aspects (Bateman 2004). Leadership deals with change, inspiration, motivation, and influence. Management deals more with carrying out the organization's goals and maintaining stability. A manager should plan, organize, lead and control, while a leader influences people through motivation, communication, group dynamics, and discipline.
The largest difference between leadership and management is that the purpose of management in execution is to control the situation and to solve problems, whereas leadership aims at motivating and inspiring people, which reveals the other difference between leadership and management is that leaders have followers but managers have subordinates (Kumra, 2013). The transformation assists managers to improve their leadership and to build better relationship with employees. For the extrinsic reasons, managers can fulfil people’s desire to work more productively by applying extrinsic motivations (Frey & Osterloh, 2002). It is beneficial for managers to build more harmonious relationship with employees and to turn subordinates to followers. The other extrinsic reason is that it creates more motivated environment at workplace.
MMSW ASSESSMENT Leadership styles: Describe situations in which you needed to use different leadership styles. McGregor’s X and Y Theory: X and Y theory by Douglas McGregor explains the two contrasting theories of human motivation and management. Theory Y is about the basis of good management practices while the Theory X is about the Type organization seemed to believe. This is more appropriate for understanding team member motivation. This deals with how the manager’s perception of what motivates his team member and affects the way he behaves.
A leader must have range of skills, strategies and techniques which will allow planning of strong communication, interpersonal skills and awareness of the wider environment to be applied within which team will operate. Awareness of the organization vision provides direction that must be followed by employees within the organization. A leader should be required to provide organisational meaning and purpose of a team by creating a vision, setting practical objectives and communicating the organisational vision. The organisational sheared vision must be inspired by involving team in setting objectives and communicating progress and celebrating achievements. Teams environment must ... ... middle of paper ... ...ting priority on team member and helping employees understand sufficient organizational values to help them decide better.
A manager wants to solve problems, and find the best ways to achieve results so people will continue to contribute to the organization. A manager has persistence, is tough minded, hardworking, intelligent, analytical, and tolerant. Zaleznik states leaders advocate change and are concerned with understanding people’s beliefs while managers advocate stability and carry out responsibilities and exercise authority (Lunenburg). Attitudes and goals differ between leaders and managers. Managers tend to adopt interpersonal attitudes toward goals.
Obviously, in order to obtain these roles, one must have influence over their subordinates, but does the level of influence fluctuate between a manager’s role and a leaders role? What exactly are their individual roles and are they one in the same? The purpose of this paper is to analysis these questions and to distinguish the differences and similarities between managers and leaders and the possibility of one individual possessing both titles. Roles What constitutes leadership? To be a leader, one must have followers and following is a voluntary action.
Motivation is the psychological process that drives and directs an individual’s towards achieving particular goals (Buford, Bedeian, & Lindner, 1995): an internal drive to accomplish the unsatisfied desires (Higgins, 1994). In other words, motivation is the internal vigor to acquire desired needs and attain personal or organizational targets. According to Smith (1994), motivation is an important factor for a company’s survival in the current dynamic society since highly motivated employees are more productive. Thus, the question of how to improve motivation is a complex question that management should take into consideration. Employees’ motivation are influenced by diverse factors, like their needs, work environment and target performance, if managers want to enhance employee motivation, they should understand employees’ motivation in different aspects.
Consequently, it is the circumstances that provide an opening for the leader to encourage their underlings through the appropriate style of leadership technique. (Business Jargons, n.d.) Accordingly, Fiedler’s contingency template speculates that the circumstances determines the method of leadership and encourages the conduct of a manager. Fiedler 's contingency philosophy is one contingency concept which maintains that applicable management is contingent not merely on the approach of leading but on the influence over the circumstances. Therefore, there must to be effective leader-member interactions, assignment with well-defined objectives and processes, and the aptitude for the leader to administer incentives and reprimands. Deficiencies of these three in an amalgamation and circumstance will bring about leadership catastrophe.
Comparison the trait of behavior leadership with contingency, transformational, and transactional leadership models. Leadership is an art to influence subordinates in such a way that they voluntarily and willingly do the pre-specified amount of work in terms of specific objectives. Leadership includes effect and change and it is the art of managing people with others (Afjeh, 2006). There are four kinds of leadership that behavioral, contingency, transformational, and transactional leadership. This essay will introduce the trait of behavioral leadership by comparing and contrasting with the trait of contingency, transformational, and transactional.