Difference Between Ethics And Utilitarianism

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Decision-making is one of the hardest tasks individuals have to endure. Deciphering between whether or not the decision you make will benefit you, hurt someone else, what are the pros, what are the cons, and if the decision you make is even moral. When decision-making the study of ethics plays a major role as to which decision you ultimately decide on. Ethics evaluates the morality of actions based on principles set by theories, individuals or in some instances cultures. Morality is an enormous part of decision-making, which comes into play every single day in human life. Ethicists create theories based on the moral duties in our lives in regards to certain situations. In particular, utilitarianism is a well-known theory in which essentially, promotes the idea of providing the most satisfaction for the majority whenever possible. Utilitarianism constitutes the overall happiness, the consequences and the principle of utility in order to correctly determine whether or not an action is right. Utilitarianism is a theory that essentially judges the moral actions of an individual based on the effects it brings on the majority of people, which is preferably pleasure not pain. Utilitarianism may seem as a simple ethical theory, but it…show more content…
This principle states that actions are right as long as they promote happiness and/or satisfaction. Utilitarianism focuses mainly on the principle of utility and consequences when evaluating an action. With the principle of utility, philosophers differentiated in their views of utilitarianism. John Stuart Mill believed that when deciding on an action, one must value which action will bring the better quality of utility rather than the quantity of utility. Whichever action allows for longer lasting and a higher value of utility is the action you should act on. Bentham believed that utilities should be compared against one another and to calculate which provides the most
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