I believe, just as many others believe that they did not. So that’s what we are going to further look into. How did BP actually start the oil spill, what steps did BP take in order to stop the oil spill, and the devastating affects the oil spill left on our communities from physical damages to communication damages. The Oil Spill Starting BP had the Deep water Horizon oilrig in the Gulf of Mexico in April of 2010, searching for means of oil to provide for the company. After searching for the oil and finding means of it, there was a gas release and explosion that took place.
Today to visit a Mayan site, people would go to the modern Mexican state, capital city of Merida. This site was once home to the “New World's most advanced Native American civilization before European arrival.” (Diamond, 2009) Over the years there has been many predictions on what had caused the Maya civilization to collapse. At the moment the most recent cause that geographers and scientists have come up with is that climate change may have had a major impact on this collapse. It is said that the rainfall received during the creation of the civilization was a key factor in the continuity of life for the Mayans. This and the addition of societal factors such as religious beliefs, ethnicity and education all had an affect on their way of life, an effect on their societal well-being.
Tony Huynh 4/20/2014 ANTH 160 The Rise and Fall of The Maya Civilization Imagine if one of today’s greatest civilizations suddenly vanished off the face of the earth without a trace. There have been countless fallen civilizations in the past that have shaped up our world into what it is today, but of all civilizations, the Maya civilization sits on top as one of the most intriguing and mysterious one of all. Other ancient civilizations that collapsed in the past have left many clues to answer why they did collapsed, however, the Mayas almost seemingly vanished without trace as to why and how they did. There are many speculations on what exactly happened to the ancient Mayas but none have been exactly proven. After centuries of research, there is finally enough evidence to believe in one logical explanation.
An investigation commissioned by former Secretary of State James Baker concluded that this incident was preventable and BP failed in putting safety as a priority. In the Alaska incident, 260,000 gallons of oil leaked from a BP oil pipeline on Alaska’s North Slope in March, 2006. Later investigations found that BP hired uncertified inspectors and kept records poorly. BP agreed to re-inspect 10,000 points and corrected their problems. In July of 2005, a BP oil platform, called Thunder Horse, toppled after Hurricane Dennis.
Not since the 1980's has a recent surge of uranium mining claims occured in the Four Corners region. Energy Fuel Resources Inc. has placed its Canyon Mine on standby and expects to resume shaft sinking operations December of next year, when an official court ruling is made and depending on market conditions. Earlier this year the Havasupai Tribe and a coalition of conservation groups sued the United States Forest Service for allowing Energy Fuel Resources Inc. to operate a mine under a 1986 federal environmental review without tribal consultation. The Canyon mine was previously in non-operational status due to low uranium stock prices in 1992. Opponents of the uranium mining operation want the federal environmental review updated and point out the uranium mine’s close proximity to the Red Butte Traditional Cultural Property, which was recognized and designated by the US Forest Service in 2010.
Their demise was the result of a freak extreme weather event mixed with their own deforestation activities (O’Hanlon). The Nazca lived in Ica Valley (O’Hanlon). “Once a fertile riverine oasis, the valley is now almost totally barren. It was previously dominated by huarango trees, massive slow-growing relatives of the mesquite that can live for more than 1,000 years, providing food and wood for fuel and construction, trapping water from the mists that blow in from the Pacific, and stabilizing the soil. Researchers, like archaeologist Alex Chepstow-Lusty, found that as the Nazca civilization grew, the level of huarango pollen declined ... ... middle of paper ... ...e of Wales Addresses the Copenhagen Climate Conference”).” Works Cited Bergen, Molly.
This indicates a change in precipitation patterns in the Big Horn Basin area of Wyoming since the 18th century, as all recent droughts have been mild when compared to those of Wyoming’s past. Droughts in Wyoming’s future are unpredictable and uncertain; however, Richard Guldin of the Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station in Fort Collins, Colorado, has made some predictions for the water situati... ... middle of paper ... ...construction of Precipitation in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, since 1260 A.D. Journal of Climate. Vol.17 Issue 19: 3855-3865. Growing thirst, A. 2003.
These economic contributions may nearly double in 2020 to $416 billion (p. 161). In consideration of the production of gas and oil, Merrill and Schizer (2013) reflect upon possibility of water pollution, “Fortunately, though, geological considerations suggest that this risk is remote” (p. 182). Some of these considerations are the fact that fracturing takes place at 5,000 to 10,000 feet, this is one to two miles down, and meanwhile the water table is only about 500 to 1,000 feet below the surface. This difference in distance between gas and water demonstrates the amount of impermeable material like clay and shale that methane gas would have to migrate upward through to pollute ground water (Merill, Schizer, 2013. p. 182). With concerns to methane water pollution, Kathleen White, the author of “The Fracas about Fracking.
(Mishra et.al 2012) The initial assessment of all data collected showed that there was a significant post-spill increase in areas with reduced biomass and canopy chlorophyll (> 400 km2) during the 2010 growing season when compared to just 50–65 km2 during the 2009 growing season. Phenological analysis of the post oil-spill data revealed a significant decrease in the magnitude of biomass and canopy chlorophyll during the peak of the 2010 growing season. June was consistently found to be the worst month in terms of salt marsh health across Louisiana over the 2010 phenological ... ... middle of paper ... ...rsity, The Salt Marsh by B.E. Fleury, 2000. http://www.tulane.edu/~bfleury/envirobio/saltmarsh.html Khanna S, M. J. Santos, S. L. Ustin, A. Koltunov, R. F. Kokaly, D. A. Roberts. 2013.
The Anasazi seem to have vanished without a trace, however like any great mystery there are clues that may help us understand what happened to this highly advanced society. The scope of this paper will be to discuss the arguments of Jared Diamond author of the New York Times best seller Collapse, and Michael Wilcox author of Chapter 5 in Questioning Collapse titled An indigenous Response to Jared Diamonds Archaeology of the American southw... ... middle of paper ... ...ional Academy of Sciences of the Untied States of America. 99( 10) Larry V. Benson et al. ( 2006) Possible impacts of the early 11th-middle-12th, and late 13th- century droughts on western Native Americans and the Mississippian Cahokians. Quaternary Science Reviews.