Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Sugar is the basic fuel for the cells in the body, and insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: • Right away, your cells may be starved for energy. • Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.
Type 2 Diabetes is where your body and pancreas doesn’t properly make or use the insulin. In the beginning your pancreas makes a big amount of insulin, then cant keep up the to the amount of insulin being made, and eventually cant make enough to where your glucose levels are at a proper amount. Type 1 diabetes in inherited from your own ancestry and is unpreventable. Type 2 diabetes is caused by eating unhealthy, and becoming obese. Type 2 diabetes is very preventable by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
Diabetes Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, is a chronic illness this means that it has no cure and the symptoms persist over a long period of time. This illness is a result of an imbalance of hormones, insulin, produced in the pancreas. Insulin plays an important role in how the body uses food. Insulin enables the cells in the bloodstream to absorb and use glucose for fuel. If the pancreas produces too little or no insulin or if the insulin doesn’t work properly the person may become diabetic.
Type Two Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes. Originally it was called Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes (This is because people with Type Two Diabetes can make their own insulin.) Out of the 26 million Americans with diabetes, Type Two Diabetes affects 90% to 95%. Even though people with Type Two Diabetes can produce their own insulin, their pancreas either does not make enough of it or their body cannot use the insulin well enough (insulin resistance). Glycogen or fat gets stored, when insulin stimulates cells in the liver and muscles to remove sugar from the blood.
Because the pancreas supplies little or no insulin in this disease, daily injections of the hormone and a controlled diet are necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin is generally effective in preventing glucose buildup, but it is a treatment and not a cure for diabetes. The onset of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes begins with frequent urination, extreme thirst, constant hunger, and unexplained weight loss. Because people with Type I Diabetes lack sufficient insulin, glucose accumulates in the blood to levels too high for the kidneys to excrete. In an effort to remove the excess sugar, the kidneys excrete
Some type 2 diabetics must inject insulin, but most people can control the disease with exercise, weight loss, and oral diabetes medications. People at risk for type 2 diabetes are overweight, do not exercise, and they are over thirty. Type 2 also runs in families. The symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, extreme thirst, fatigue, weight loss, hunger, and infections t... ... middle of paper ... ... insulin. This makes the body more sensitive to the insulin that already exists.
This hormone is responsible for maintaining an optimal glucose level in the blood. It allows the body cells to use glucose as a main energy source. Due to abnormal insulin metabolism, in a diabetic person, the body cells and tissues cannot make use of glucose from the blood, resulting in elevated blood glucose level or hyperglycemia. Over time, elevated blood glucose level in the bloodstream can lead to severe complications, such as disorders of the eyes, cardiovascular diseases, kidney damage and nerve destruction. In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is not able to produce sufficient amount of insulin as required for the body.
Even then, one’s death is often attributed to other things such as heart disease, stroke, or kidney failure. Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease that causes the body to become insulin resistant, hindering the body’s ability to process sugar, and it can be largely attributed to lifestyle choices and genetic factors. Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death, but this statistic is skewed in that the primary cause of death in individuals with diabetes is not from diabetes itself but rather from the complications of the disease. Type 2 diabetes differs from type 1 diabetes in that one’s body continues to produce insulin, but one’s body either uses insulin ineffectively or one’s cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This insulin resistance prevents glucose from entering the body’s cells, and this causes glucose to build up in the blood stream.
Improper production and resistance to insulin will lead to the cause of Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. This means that the body does not produce any insulin because the beta cells that produce insulin are destroyed. Patients with Type 1 diabetes will need insulin injection in order for the body to break down food and store energy. Insulin can be only be use as an injection because if it is taken as a pill, it will get digested instead of aiding the breakdown of the glucose.
What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where people are unable to control the level of glucose- a type of sugar in their blood because their pancreas does not work properly. Diabetes result from a combination of heredity and environmental factors, such as what and how much a person eats and how much exercise they do. Some people are more at risk of developing diabetes than others these are some of the factors that might affect a person’s likelihood of developing diabetes; family history, age, ethnicity, weight, waist measurement, blood pressure and previous medical conditions. Some people may have only one of these factors, others may have many.