(2007) Acupuncture for insomnia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online). (3):CD005472. Ford DE, Kamerow DB. Epidemiologic study of sleep disturbances and psychiatric disorders.
Parnes, L Bennett; Pagel, F.J. “Medications for the Treatment of Sleep Disorders: An Overview”. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry: 3.3(2001):118-125. Web 28 Mar 2014. http://www.ncbi.nhm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC18117217. Isreal-Ancdi Sonia, Ph.D. Ayalon, Liat. Ph.D. “The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.” Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Disorders in Older Adults.
Fluid and electrolyte management in Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic state in the emergency department Introduction Diabetes Mellitus is a growing issue for health care providers internationally. The World Health organization estimated in 2013 there were 347 Million diabetics worldwide, predicting that Diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030 (WHO, 2013). In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes Mellitus, factors such as poor compliance with diet and medication, infection, acute medical or surgical illness or trauma can lead to poor glycaemic control, precipitating a hyperglycaemic emergency such as Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) (Scobie & Samaras, 2009). In Type 2 Diabetes, another equally dangerous complication can occur called Hyperosmolar, hyperglycaemic state (HHS) (Dunning, 2009). Both DKA and HHS are characterized by dehydration resulting from osmotic diuresis (Kisiel & Marsons 2009), often compounded by the patient already being in a dehydrated state due to the underlying cause (Del Garcia-Pascual & Kidby, 2012).
Sleep deprivation is often misdiagnosed as Attention Deficit Disorder or Depression due to similar symptoms. In extreme cases of sleep deficiency, subjects have been known to experience psychosis or manic symptoms most commonly associated with Manic Depressive Disorder and Schizophrenia. Treatment of these diseases may require extensive therapy and medications. These medications can have harmful effects especially when attempting to treat the wrong cause for similar symptoms. In order to prevent misdiagnosis of sleep deprivation, doctors should first make suggestions to improve lifestyle habits and thoroughly test patients before giving a final diagnosis.
C-reactive protein and lactate dehydrogenase as single prognostic factors of severity in acute pancreatitis. Unknown, 129(1-2), Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17489509 Stevens, T. (2014). Cleveland Clinic Continuing Education. Retrieved from http://www.clevelandclinicmed.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/gastroenterology/acute-pancreatitis/
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Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, 24(3), 186-190. doi:10.1016/j.jopan.2009.03.005 Rose, L. E., Gerson, L., & Carbo, C. (2007). Transitional care for seriously mentally ill persons: A pilot study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 21(6), 297-308. doi:10.1016/j.apnu.2007.06.010 Venes, D., & Taber, C. W. (2013). Cancer. In Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary (22nd ed., pp.
Davidson, W., Teleni, L., Muller, J., Ferguson, M., McCarthy, A. L., Vick, J., et al. (2012). Malnution and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: implications for practice. Oncology Nursing Forum , 39 (4), E340-E345. Hawkins, R., & Grunberg, S. (2009).
Analysis of Crohn's Disease An inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by intermittent and recurrent abdominal pain associated with ulceration in bowel function. Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often, inflammatory bowel disease is classified as ulceration colitis or Crohn’s disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, or proctitis (Crohn's disease-website). Crohn’s disease is characterized by inflammation of segments of the GI tract. The parts of the tract where Crohn’s disease is most often seen are in the terminal ileum, jejunum, and right side of colon.
M.S., Pan, W., Kirschman, K.J.B., Lutz-Zois, C., & Lyons, A.M. (2008). Negative affect and anger rumination as mediators between forgiveness and sleep quality. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 478-488. doi: 10.1007/s10865-008-9172-5 Thase, M.E. (2005). Correlates and consequences of insomnia.