Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Children
INTRODUCTION:
Diabetes is not a single disease it is a multifactorial group of syndromes all characterized by an increase in the level of blood glucose that occurs due to lack of presence of insulin. Mainly, the less release of insulin leads to excess deposition of glycogen which is a peptide hormone synthesized by the pancreas and plays a role in raising the level of glucose in blood. (Mycek, 2007).
Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007)
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes. It is a condition in which the body fails to produce cells that are responsible for producing insulin leading to a condition known as insulin resistance. (Hopkins, 2010).
Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the pancreas in our body and is mainly responsible for regulating the conversion of sugar into energy as the body fails to metabolize glucose in a proper way. Due to insulin resistance or failure of body cells to use insulin, glucose deposits in the blood instead of going into cells which mostly leads to many complications. (Mycek, 2007).
SYMPTOMS:
It is indicated that type 2 diabetes occurs due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors .Some of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus 2 include increased feeling of thirst and frequent urination, the urge to eat more, darkened patches of skin, and delayed healing of wounds and skin scratches, blurred vision accompanied by fatigue and an observable loss in weight (Hans, 2007).

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