Diabetes: A group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar. Diabetes consists of two main types. Type one: a failure to produce insulin, so the carrier has to inject insulin into themselves. Type two: when the body’s cells fail to use insulin properly. Type two is more common of the two types and affects more than ninety percent of the United States population.
The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells” (Diabetes Mellitus). That is to say that “People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia” (“Diagnosis”). In order to seek the proper care for diabetes, patients must undergo: distinguishing its symptoms, classifying if it is pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and the proper treatment. The first step to knowing if you have diabetes is to identify its symptoms.
Review of Condition Diabetes is a disorder of the breakdown of glucose in the body. Glucose levels in the body are maintained through diet and the aid of insulin. Glucose is brought into the body through various types of foods, the most common one being carbohydrates. Once glucose is in the body, it is distributed through the bloodstream with the help of inulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. In patients with diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells the glucose is targeting do not respond appropriately.
Type 2 is when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the insulin is not working correctly. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy (Christian). If a person has diabetes no matter what type it means that there is too much glucose in the blood, and this could cause serious health problems (Christian). Insulin is a natural hormone made by the pancreas which is found behind the stomach that controls the level of sugar glucose in the blood. It is important that the body have insulin because it permits cells to use glucose for energy.
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Insulin, the most important hormone in the body, allows the body to store and use glucose, which in turn, produces energy. Produced by the pancreas, insulin’s primary function is to allow glucose, from the blood to be absorbed in the body’s cells. However when blood sugar is higher than normal, diabetes exists. Diabetes can affect everyone. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) states that “the majority of patients with diabetes are 20 years old or older, of whom about 13 million are men and 12.6 million are women” (Hilaire, Woods).
Type 2 diabetics produce insulin, but the cells in the body are "insulin resistant". They do not respond properly to the hormone, so glucose accumulates in the blood. Insulin resistance increases as weight increases and physical activity decreases. Many Americans with type 2 are obese and weigh at least twenty percent more then what is recommended for that person's height. Some type 2 diabetics must inject insulin, but most people can control the disease with exercise, weight loss, and oral diabetes medications.
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