Type 2 diabetics produce insulin, but the cells in the body are "insulin resistant". They do not respond properly to the hormone, so glucose accumulates in the blood. Insulin resistance increases as weight increases and physical activity decreases. Many Americans with type 2 are obese and weigh at least twenty percent more then what is recommended for that person's height. Some type 2 diabetics must inject insulin, but most people can control the disease with exercise, weight loss, and oral diabetes medications.
Insulin helps the body get energy by absorbing carbohydrates in the foods people eat every day. Sometimes the body cannot use insulin efficiently or it just cannot make enough of it. This is when diabetes is developed. If glucose cannot be absorbed then it will build up in the blood. High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels.
If the pancreas produces too little or no insulin or if the insulin doesn’t work properly the person may become diabetic. Therefore, diabetics are not able to properly convert food into fuels needed by the body to function, which can seriously lead to physical consequences. The pancreas, located behind the stomach, is a long, thin organ about the length of the hand. It is the organ that is responsible for the development of diabetes. The pancreas has two different types of cells, called alpha and beta cells, which produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Sugar is the basic fuel for the cells in the body, and insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: • Right away, your cells may be starved for energy. • Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.
There are many symptoms of type one diabetes. They include drinking irritability, excessive urination, extreme weight loss, feeling very hungry or tired, sores that don’t heal and blurry eyesight. The cause of type one diabetes is unknown, although genetic tendency and childhood infections are two possibilities. The pancreas undergoes a change and cells that normally produce insulin are destroyed. This may be a result of the body’s own immune system believing the pancreas is a foreign organ.
Type 2 diabetes, called “adult - onset diabetes” or “noninsulin-dependent diabetes” is the more common kind of diabetes, which can also develop at any age. This generally begins with insulin resistance, which is a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin in the right ways. Firstly, the pancreas keeps up with the production of insulin, but ends up losing its ability to do so, due to the unhealthy meals eaten (What Diabetes Is). People with Type 1 diabetes need to inherit risk factors from both parents. It is more common in Caucasians because they have th... ... middle of paper ... ...or major.
Drawbacks The drawbacks towards diabetes are commonly decrease in health and life quality, as well as amputation of a limb from diabetic nerve damage. The drawbacks of glucose meters, however, are less common. A test strip may not be completely inserted into the meter, which would cause false tests. The batteries on the meter could run out, leaving the person needing to test themselves to rush in order to reveal their condition. If a patient is dehydrated, there could be false test results.
This unwanted disease works its way into even the strongest of people who have had no symptoms. Even with a healthy lifestyle, can diabetes become preventable? Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. “Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar.” People need insulin to survive. People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes is where your body and pancreas doesn’t properly make or use the insulin. In the beginning your pancreas makes a big amount of insulin, then cant keep up the to the amount of insulin being made, and eventually cant make enough to where your glucose levels are at a proper amount. Type 1 diabetes in inherited from your own ancestry and is unpreventable. Type 2 diabetes is caused by eating unhealthy, and becoming obese. Type 2 diabetes is very preventable by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
Type II, is where the body can’t make enough or properly use insulin, also known as non-insulin dependent. Other specific type of diabetes may have its origin from certain genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition inflection and other illness. The cause of this disease remains a mystery. Genetics, environmental factors, lack of exercise, plays an important role in the cause of diabetes. Diabetes can cause different types of problems depending on which types of diabetes they have.