Diabetes Nearly 16 million people in the United States have diabetes, the disease classified as a problem with insulin. The problem could be that your body does not make insulin, does not make enough, or it simply does not know how to use it properly. Diabetes is also known as "diabetes mellitus". There are many types of diabetes. The two I will be discussing are type 1 and type 2.
Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes are the main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs in people before the age of 30 while type 2, the most common type, occurs after this age. Gestational diabetes occurs in women only during pregnancy, but it leads to a risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. They all have to do with a lack or resistance of insulin, therefore, diabetics have to prick their finger, wear an insulin pump, or get insulin injections to keep it under control. (Mayo Clinic, 2013) Diabetes may seem like an awful disease to have, but if it is monitored well the risks of major complications are greatly decreased.
However, these other forms are less prevalent compared to the three main types of diabetes. Diabetes is one of the leading cases of blindness, amputations and kidney failure (American Diabetes Association, 2008). Type one occurs due to lack of insulin in the body. In this type of diabetes; the body is unable to produce enough levels of insulin hormone which regulates the absorption of blood glucose. The immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas resulting into hormone deficit.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetic and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. Major Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
The insulin tracks changes within the body and makes adjustments as the blood sugar changes. Without our insulin our blood sugars will cause a decrease in our circulatory system and it can lead to amputation of limbs or even blindness. Knowing if you are diabetic is extremely important so a treatment plan can be in place. This has become an epidemic with children of all ages now becoming diabetic. (wikepedia.org) Jan 2014 There are 3 types of Diabetes Mellitus: Diabetes Mellitus Type 1: Formally known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, this type normally starts in childhood, and has a rapid onset.
Type 1 diabetes is a common form of diabetes that’s usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and it’s previously known as juvenile diabetes. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are frequent urination, extreme thirst and hunger, unusual weight loss and exhaustion (American Diabetes Association, 2012). In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce insulin. In type 1 diabetes, the body breaks down the sugar and starches you eat into a simple sugar that’s called glucose, which it uses for energy. When you get diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, your pancreas is no longer capable of producing insulin (American Diabetes Association, 2012).
It begins with resistance to insulin. This is when cell do not use insulin properly. Risks of type 2 is anyone age 45 or older, obesity, family history of diabetes, diabetes during pregnancy, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and being of the Native American, Hispanic/ Latino American, Asian, or Pacific Islander race. Last, Gestational diabetes, which is a form of glucose intolerance that is diagnosed with some women at pregnancy. It requires treatment to help normalize maternal blood glucose levels.
Beta cells of the pancreas, which are responsible for insulin production, are attacked by the misdirected immune system... ... middle of paper ... ... normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Studies have shown that by losing weight and increasing physical activity people can prevent or delay prediabetes from progressing to diabetes (The Facts). NDEP also states that 25.6 million Americans ages 20 or older have diabetes and 10.9 million Americans ages 65 and older have diabetes (The Facts). Diabetes and diabetes research is something that will always be extremely important to me. Knowing that it runs in both sides of my family definitely encourages me to live a healthier lifestyle, so that I can hopefully prevent ever developing the disease.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of metabolism. It is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Diabetes mellitus is a significant public problem that affects about 26 million Americans in the United States has diabetes. Diabetes can go silently undetected for a long time without symptoms. Many people first become aware that they have diabetes when they develop one of its potentially life threatening complications, such as heart disease, blindness or nerve disease.
People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin. Diabetes affects people who have an unhealthy life style and who have unhealthy weight. Type one is usually diagnosed during the early years of childhood. The exact cause for type one remains unknown. Type two usually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with this disease.