Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. People whose body does not use insulin properly have what’s known as type 2 diabetes or often called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for the lack of blood glucose. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. “According to national examination surveys, Mexican Americans are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
Type 1 diabetes is associated with the HLA-DR gene, which is found on chromosome 6. If the HLA-DR gene is inherited from a parent, the child is at greater risk of developing Type 1 diabetes.  This is associated with a phenotype of diabetes, including insulin resistance and cardiovascular problems, which lead to an elevated waist to hip ratio and hypertension, or high blood pressure (DiabetesJournals.org, 2005).  However, eighty percent of people with Type 1 diabetes do not have a relative with the disease (dlife.com, 2013). Also, Caucasians have a higher risk of developing Type 1 diabetes than any other race.
Type II diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, yet we still do not understand it very well. But recent research does suggest that there are some things you can do to prevent this form of diabetes, particularly if it runs in your family, or if you have had gestational diabetes, or if you are a member of an ethnic group that is more prone to this disease. In simplest terms, to prevent or slow the development of Type II diabetes you should try to maintain your weight in as normal a range as possible. If you are overweight, lose weight. And, try to develop a regular exercise program, as the exercise will help your body use insulin more effectively.
High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels. It can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, dental disease, and amputations. One with diabetes can also be more apt to get other diseases, depression, and have issues with pregnancy. (NDIC, 2011) Today there are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 is usually caused by one not having enough insulin.
Type 2 diabetes, the vastly more predominant form of diabetes, accounts for roughly 95 % of individuals affected by diabetes mellitus, and stems from an insulin resistance that is gradually increases with time (“Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). Diabetes is a serious disease and if managed incorrectly, it can be responsible for causing various health complications. These health problems include, but not limited to: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, and non-traumatic lower limb amputation. According to the American Diabetes Association (2014), diabetes is responsible for causing more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Although type 1 diabetes is a well-known form of diabetes mellitus, the remainder of this paper will focus solely on type 2 diabetes.
What is diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but persons with diabetes can take measures to reduce the likelihood of such occurrences. 15.7 million people -- 5.9% of the population -- have diabetes. But only 10.3 million people are diagnosed so that leaves 5.4 million people not diagnosed.
From generation to generation diabetes has continued to claim lives on my mothers side of the family. From recent memory my great grandmother, aunt, and three cousins have had diabetes. Once a trait like diabetes enters your family it is passed down through genetics but it is also not guaranteed that all your family members will get it. You may be asking yourself what exactly diabetes is, what it does to your body and is their a cure? This disease affects us in many ways than one, as I will introduce to you.
Diabetes Diabetes is a lifelong disease that can affect both children and adults. This disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. It claims about 178,000 lives each year. Type one diabetes, also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, usually occurs in people less than thirty years of age, but it also may appear at any age. Diabetes is a very serious disease with many life threatening consequences, but if it is taken care of properly, diabetics can live a normal life.
Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It can be caused by too little insulin (a chemical produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both. Approximately 2.7 million or 11.4% of all African Americans aged 20 years or older have diabetes. However, one-third of them do not know it. The most life-threatening consequences of diabetes are heart disease and stroke, which strike people with diabetes more than twice as often as they do others.
to younger children than the population affected in earlier decades”(1998). Although, doctors and scientists do not know exactly what causes the immune system to attack a child’s insulin producing cells, they have determined a few factors that may increase the odds of developing the disease. Some of the key factors that have been identified are: family history, ethnicity, a... ... middle of paper ... ...e most children, these kids have real worries. Worries that even adults usually don’t face. Will I go blind?