This unwanted disease works its way into even the strongest of people who have had no symptoms. Even with a healthy lifestyle, can diabetes become preventable? Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. “Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar.” People need insulin to survive. People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin.
Type 2 diabetics produce insulin, but the cells in the body are "insulin resistant". They do not respond properly to the hormone, so glucose accumulates in the blood. Insulin resistance increases as weight increases and physical activity decreases. Many Americans with type 2 are obese and weigh at least twenty percent more then what is recommended for that person's height. Some type 2 diabetics must inject insulin, but most people can control the disease with exercise, weight loss, and oral diabetes medications.
57 million have pre-diabetes or are at risk for developing diabetes’’(2005). This quote explains how much people have died from Diabetes and how much people are at risk for developing Diabetes. Also, Diabetes has caused a lot of death in many generations. By 2050, there will be an additional 18 million people with diagnosed diabetes in the U.S. alone, and 36 % of this increase will be due to changes in the age, sex, and race composition of the population, 27% will be due to population growth, and 36% will be due to changes in prevalence rates. ( Projection of Diabetes Burden Through 2050 | Diabetes Care).
Glucose flows through the bloodstream and into the cells. The cells carries these glucose throughout our body for energy. In a normal person, their pancreas secretes the right amount of insulin in order for their body to break down food and store energy into the cells. In a diabetic person, insulin is not produced, insulin production is inadequate, or the cells resist to the insulin. Improper production and resistance to insulin will lead to the cause of Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or Gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a type of hormone that people need in order to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. In type 1, the beta cells in the pancreas destruct which is how, in most cases, leads to insulin deficiency (Daneman 2006). This type of diabetes is accounted for only about 5-10 percent of the population who are diagnosed with diabetes (Daneman 2006). Type 1 is usually found in children and young adults, however it is triggered through environmental elements such as viruses (Mayo Clinic staff 2015).
Type II diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), are usually diagnosed in adulthood. They produce insulin, but their bodies do not use it effectively or properly. While many modern diseases plague society, diabetes has been known for many centuries (Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, 1-3). Type I diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type I diabetes, the body does not produce insulin.
Most people who get type 1 diabetes get it before they turn 40 years old (Medical News Today). Type 1 diabetes is not as common as the type 2 and only 10% of people who have diabetes have type 1. Most common people will see that they are suffering from type 2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 is not because your immune system is attacking the insulin but is because your body simply does not produce the required insulin. 90% of people who have diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 (Medical News... ... middle of paper ... ...ll cause your blood sugars to lower (Mayo Clinic Staff).
Did you know that in 2012, 29.1 million Americans were diagnosed with diabetes? About 1.25 million children and adults were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. (American Diabetes Association, 2015) More and more Americans are being diagnosed with diabetes, and it’s more common now than ever before. But, what is really scary is the “myths” about diabetes that is creating an image that have false information and contain stereotypes. “If you eat too much sugar, you get diabetes,” “If you are a diabetic, you cannot have sweets,” “You can catch diabetes from somebody,” and “Fruit is healthy, eat as much as you want!
Heart attacks, if not treated immediately, can be fatal. However, technology has improved to reduce the death rate substantially. Heart failures are another major problem due to poor health. Heart failures occur when “a person’s heart muscle does not pump blood as well as it should…Not all conditions that lead to heart failure can be reversed, but treatments can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer” (Mayo Clinic). However, exercising can prevent poor health and diseases and ultimately lead to a better life
Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, resulting in high blood sugar. There are 3 types of diabetes; type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Although the disease can be considered deadly, diabetes is very manageable if one adjusts necessary lifestyle and behavioral changes. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. Only 5 % of people with diabetes have this form of the disease which is a condition that results from autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the pancreas (Jacobs, 1994).