Diabetes

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Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by the pancreas not producing insulin, producing too little, or the insulin may not be effective in the body, (ADA). There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Common symptoms of diabetes are feeling really thirsty, feeling really hungry, urinating very often, fatigue, poor circulation, and unusual weight gain or weight loss, (ADA). Eight percent of the United States population has diabetes; that is approximately twenty-six million people. This is a huge increase since in 1958 only one and a half million people were diagnosed with diabetes. In 2010 alone approximately two million people were newly diagnosed. It is predicted that in 2050, one in every three Americans will have diabetes, (Mayo Clinic). Diabetes causes people to be more at risk for other diseases such as heart disease, kidney disease, kidney failure, blindness, and need for amputations, (NDIC). Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes. Doctors do not know all of the factors about how people get type 1 diabetes but they do know it can be inherited. Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by the pancreas not producing insulin or producing too small of an amount of insulin, (Mayo Clinic). Insulin is a hormone produced to allow glucose into the cells. Generally people who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes are children or teenagers but adults can still be diagnosed. Type 1 diabetes is where the immune system destroys the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Insulin is important because it allows for glucose to enter the cells from the bloodstream. Glucose comes from food and the liver. Without insulin the glucose remains in the bloodstream, which is known as high blo... ... middle of paper ... ...Losing seven percent of total body weight can greatly reduce the risk of diabetes, (ADA). Keeping a low cholesterol is important for keeping a healthy blood sugar level. High cholesterol generally means a person also has high blood sugar, (NIH). Living a healthy lifestyle also means not smoking or using other harmful substances. Smoking lowers the amount of oxygen that can enter the body. Smoking is harmful and raises cholesterol and blood pressure, (ADA) Smoking can increase the risk of diabetes and other diseases. Diabetes is a serious disease that is increasing in numbers everyday. Being educated about the disease and the risks are important for maintaining personal health and and prevention of the disease. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, therefore a living healthy is necessary for a long life and disease prevention.(CDC).

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