Insulin helps the body get energy by absorbing carbohydrates in the foods people eat every day. Sometimes the body cannot use insulin efficiently or it just cannot make enough of it. This is when diabetes is developed. If glucose cannot be absorbed then it will build up in the blood. High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels.
Most African Americans (about 90 to 95 percent) with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes usually develops in adults and is caused by the body's resistance to insulin and to impaired insulin secretion. Although it is a very serious disease, diabetes can be treated with diet, exercise, diabetes pills, and injected insulin. A small number of African Americans (about 5 percent to 10 percent) have type 1 diabetes, which usually develops before age 20 and is always treated with insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.
People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin. Diabetes affects people who have an unhealthy life style and who have unhealthy weight. Type one is usually diagnosed during the early years of childhood. The exact cause for type one remains unknown. Type two usually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with this disease.
In people without diabetes, the pancreas makes a chemical called insulin which is released into the blood stream. Insulin helps the glucose from the food get into cells. When the pancreas doesn’t make insulin, it can’t get into the cells and the insulin stays in the blood stream. The blood glucose level gets very high, causing the person to have type one diabetes. There are many symptoms of type one diabetes.
When you get diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, your pancreas is no longer capable of producing insulin (American Diabetes Association, 2012). However, when you get multiple daily injections with insulin pens, syringes, or an insulin pump, then it will be up to you to monitor the blood glucose levels and administer your insulin. With type 1 diabetes it’s important to balance ... ... middle of paper ... ...There are three types of diabetes that are referred to as type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Some of the symptoms of diabetes are referred to as increased urine output, excessive thirst, weight loss, hunger, fatigue, skin problems, slow healing wounds, yeast infections, blurred vision and tingling or numbness in the feet or toes.
Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes and their Causes Diabetes is a disease where the body is no longer able to produce enough insulin or any at all; therefore, it can cause escalated glucose levels in the blood. In the United States alone in 2012, 9.3 percent of the population or 29.1 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes (National Diabetes Statistics Report 2014). There are three different types of diabetes; type 1, type 2, and gestational. Each type of diabetes is formed differently, but they are all treatable and manageable. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin.
It begins with resistance to insulin. This is when cell do not use insulin properly. Risks of type 2 is anyone age 45 or older, obesity, family history of diabetes, diabetes during pregnancy, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and being of the Native American, Hispanic/ Latino American, Asian, or Pacific Islander race. Last, Gestational diabetes, which is a form of glucose intolerance that is diagnosed with some women at pregnancy. It requires treatment to help normalize maternal blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes, called “adult - onset diabetes” or “noninsulin-dependent diabetes” is the more common kind of diabetes, which can also develop at any age. This generally begins with insulin resistance, which is a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin in the right ways. Firstly, the pancreas keeps up with the production of insulin, but ends up losing its ability to do so, due to the unhealthy meals eaten (What Diabetes Is). People with Type 1 diabetes need to inherit risk factors from both parents. It is more common in Caucasians because they have th... ... middle of paper ... ...or major.
However, these other forms are less prevalent compared to the three main types of diabetes. Diabetes is one of the leading cases of blindness, amputations and kidney failure (American Diabetes Association, 2008). Type one occurs due to lack of insulin in the body. In this type of diabetes; the body is unable to produce enough levels of insulin hormone which regulates the absorption of blood glucose. The immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas resulting into hormone deficit.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness that is a result of the body’s insulin not functioning correctly. It was formerly called adult-onset or insulin-dependent. It is also the most common kind of diabetes accounting for about 90 percent of all diabetes cases. Type 2 diabetes can also cause obesity and high cholesterol. About 6 percent of the population suffers from diabetes while about one-third of those who do have it, do not know about it.