Diabetes

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Diabetes In the United States, an estimated 16 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition. Half the 16 million people who have diabetes do not even realize the condition exists and are not receiving treatment. 798,000 people each year are diagnosed with diabetes. It occurs most often in adults, but it is also one of the most chronic disorder in children. It is estimated that 123,000 children ages 19 and below have the disorder. Diabetes is recognized as one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. It has contributed to over 193,140 deaths in 1996. It is associated with long term disorder that affects almost every major part in your body. It can cause blindness, heart disease, strokes, kidney failure, amputations, and nerve damage. Diabetes is a metabolism disorder. A metabolism disorder affects the digestion of food in the body. After eating, most food is broken down by glucose, which is the main fuel for the body. Cells use glucose for energy after it moves into the bloodstream. Insulin, which is a hormone produced by the pancreas, allows the glucose to pass into our cells. The pancreas's job is to produce the right amount of insulin so the glucose can pass from the bloodstream into cells. In those with diabetes, the pancreas will provide little or no insulin, or the cells will not react to the insulin produced. This results in a build up of glucose, which the body disposes of through the urine. Even if there was a build up of glucose, the body loses it main source of energy. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 was once known as insulin-dependent d... ... middle of paper ... ...dmover/dmover.htm Margolis, Simeon and Christopher D. Saudek, "Diabetes Mellitus" Johns Hopkins White Papers Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions: Baltimore, Maryland "National Diabetes Fact Sheet" www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/facts98.htm BIBLIOGRAPHY "Diabetes mellitus" General Health Encyclopedia healthcentral.com/mhc/top.001214.cfm "Diabetes Overview" National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease www.onhealth.com/ch1/resource/othersources/ite, 44103.asp "Diabetes Overview" National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NIDDK) www.niddk.nih.gov/health/diabetes/pubs/dmover/dmover.htm Margolis, Simeon and Christopher D. Saudek, "Diabetes Mellitus" Johns Hopkins White Papers Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions: Baltimore, Maryland "National Diabetes Fact Sheet" www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/facts98.htm

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