The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells” (Diabetes Mellitus). That is to say that “People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia” (“Diagnosis”). In order to seek the proper care for diabetes, patients must undergo: distinguishing its symptoms, classifying if it is pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and the proper treatment. The first step to knowing if you have diabetes is to identify its symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes has been described as non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes. The pancreas creates a hormone called insulin which is used as a vehicle to transport glucose from the blood to the cells. The body takes sugars and starches and converts them into glucose use as fuel by ones cells. When the body fails to use or produce enough insulin, unused glucose amasses in the blood. The inability of the body to use glucose results in inadequate fuel delivered to the cells needed to produce energy.
Insulin's job is maintaining glucose level in the blood, allowing the body cells to use glucose as the main source of energy. However, for a diabetic, the insulin is not metabolized correctly, leading the body cells and tissues to not make use of glucose from the blood. And, as a result, causing high levels of blood glucose, or hyperglycemia. Severe complications can occur from elevated glucose level in the bloodstream such as eye disorders, kidney damage, or cardiovascular disease. 2.Compare and Contrast the possible causes of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
When cells are in need of energy the pancreas produce insulin; this mechanism allows cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body has become resistant to its own insulin; this leaves an excess amount of glucose in the bloodstream as there is no insulin present to guide it to the cells (“Diabetes”). There are two types of diabetes that affects the worldwide population: Type I and Type II. Type I is typically prevalent in children and is characterized by an insulin deficiency. Type II diabetes is adult onset and occurs when the body is resistant to the insulin it produces.
Review of Condition Diabetes is a disorder of the breakdown of glucose in the body. Glucose levels in the body are maintained through diet and the aid of insulin. Glucose is brought into the body through various types of foods, the most common one being carbohydrates. Once glucose is in the body, it is distributed through the bloodstream with the help of inulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. In patients with diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells the glucose is targeting do not respond appropriately.
Insulin is also the principal control signal for conversion of glucose to glycogen for internal storage in liver and muscle cells. Due to the fact that insulin is the principal hormone that regulates uptake of glucose from the blood into most cells, deficiency of insulin or the insensitivity of its receptors causes hyperglycemia and plays a significant role in all forms of diabetes mellitus. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Both types may be inherited in genes; therefore, a family history of diabetes can significantly increase a person's risk of developing the condition. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults.
Sandhyarani, Ningthoujam. "Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 26 Feb. 2011. .
Excessive observations continually lead to weight being a directly correlating risk factor of diabetes. The CDC analyzed data from two different surveys. Out of every adult diagnosed in the United States, 85.2 percent are overweight and 54.8 are ... ... middle of paper ... ...nce of overweight and obesity among adults with diagnosed diabetes—United States, 1988–1994 and 1999–2002". MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 53 (45): 1066–8.
Diabetes is a disease that causes the human body to not create or not use insulin effectively. The body needs insulin to take the energy or sugars and turn it into energy. The human body needs energy to survive. Diabetes can be broken into three main categories. Type 1 diabetes is where the body makes no insulin at all.