However, later findings likely show that crime prevention needs to be put to practice not only within, but also outside the criminal justice system. It is commonly known as social intervention (Gilling, 1996:11). This essay will show that social intervention seems to be the best strategy to reduce and prevent crime. This essay will also discuss some major causal factors of crime, the social intervention and criminal justice system strategic approach to crime control, and how each strategy fulfils the main goals of crime reduction and prevention. Bilton, Bonnet & Jones (2002:386) point out that according to the delinquent subculture theories, external social influences may have significant impacts on human behaviours.
However, using the Routine Activity Theory, we can effectively create programs that make it more difficult not only for people to commit crime but also make them less easy to victimize (Morrow, 2014). . Works Cited Brantingham, Paul J. & Brantingham, Patricia L. (eds.).
Rehabilitation of the family unit is the answer, say many, not punishment. In response to this, new ideas have formed to rehabilitate the family unit, but first, the family structures that are precursors to delinquent behavior must be identified. “Family Life, Delinquency, and Crime: A Policymaker’s Guide,”compiled by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, introduces us to the theory that the family structure is a precursor to delinquent behavior. The authors and research contributors cite various family “dysfunctions” that contribute to delinquent behavior. Some of the family dysfunctions that the authors focus on are; parental criminality, parental interaction, parental supervision, and single-parent families.
Compas, Bruce E. “Coping with Stress During Childhood and Adolescence.” Psychological Bulletin 101.3 (1987): 393 – 403. PsychINFO. Web. 14 Jan. 2014 Margolin, Gayla, and Elana B. Gordis. “The Effects of Family and Community Violence on Children.” Annual Review of Psychology 51 (2000): 445 – 479.
The study found that school involvement was a key factor in the level of delinquent activities. In turn youths who didn’t engage in school activities were more likely to perform delinquent acts and be subject to maltreatment. In the conclusion Bender argues that active involvement in schools should be pursued and encouraged by school boards to help prevent children from performing delinquent acts. Bender states that schools with limited resources should asses which students are at the highest risk of delinquent acts and to target them first. Programs should be created to help develop social skills as this will help children feel empathy reducing the chance of harming others.
One type of school violence prevention and reduction program is school-based curriculum programs. There are hundreds of thousands of school-based curriculum programs available. These curriculum programs focus on cognitive behavioral approaches. For example, how students perceive aggression and violence, how they learn and/or unlearn violent behaviors, rewarding positive social skills and behavior, traditional counseling approaches. These programs are primaril... ... middle of paper ... ...limate change programs have a good framework, but researchers feel there is the need for further studies.
This research seeks to establish whether making the penalty stiff will work in repeating repeat and future offenders. This research is tied to a larger theory that harsh punishments act as a deterrent to crime. They work by making people not commit a crime for fear of the punishment that is going to follow. This research is applicable across many facets of crimes that are rampant. It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime.
The theory of deterrence aims to prevent offenders from repeating the crime that they have been convicted of. Sanctions wit... ... middle of paper ... ...e and proportionate to the seriousness of the offence that has been committed. That each case should be judged on the individual aggravating and mitigating factors associated with the offence and on the other individual details of the offence. The circumstances of the offender and the harm caused to the victim of the offence or to the community should have an impact on the severity of the punishment that the offender will receive. It is therefore accurate to say that punishment should be commensurate with the seriousness of the crime.
1, 33-49 Thiessen, Sarah (1997). Effects of Single Parenting on Adolescent Academic Achievement: Establishing a risk and protective framework Walsh, Froma (2003). Normal Family Processes: Diversity and Complexity. New York, NY: Guilford Press http://family.jrank.org/pages/1577/Single-Parent-Families-Effects-on-Children.html retrieved August 24, 2008
Historically the Children Act 1989’ regarded children’s welfare as being paramount. Nowadays, individuals tend to see the welfare of children as a primary concern. The sentencing council, (2008) discuss the issues of giving highly punitive sentences to young people. They say that mental health is prevalent amongst young people in the criminal justice system, suggesting that a more nurturing approach could be helpful in tackling the issue of crime and deviance. A welfare perspective could be argued to be more effective as it recognises that young people should be given a second chance.