The people of Egypt willingly labored to build these monuments for their rulers, believing that, as gods, the pharaohs had to be properly provided for in their afterlife. The Step Pyramid was built around 2630 B.C. It exhibited a radical new shape never before used, and it was so new the Egyptians used its silhouettes as the hieroglyphic for “primeval mound”, the first piece of earth to emerge from the soup of creation (Malek 90). King Djoser's chief architect for his pyramid was Imhotep. It is thought that King Djoser's stone tomb started out having the standard shape of a mastaba.
His coffin was found in 1923 in Thebes, Egypt. Inside the tomb laid many statues, weapons and jewelry. At first people had this belief that only Pharaohs could attain immortality, but later on, anyone was able to. Egyptians saw Pharaohs as gods, so when they passed away, they assumed the Pharaoh would become a God in his or her afterlife. Eventually, during the period of the New Kingdom (2628-1638 BC), Pharaohs were buried in tombs in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, Egypt.
Stone was, therefore, the material from which temples and tombs were built, the finest and most graters examples are the construction of the pyramid. These two factors, belong to the religious and architecture of ancient Egypt, do nothing else but prove its greatness of what we have this days. "...the Egyptians made their complex hierarchy of Gods, and their strange religion. In the service of that religion they made their architecture" (Romer: 75, 1982). These pyramids were built to protect the bodies Of Egyptian kings and other royalty but before the pyramids became the standard for burials, tombs were used for Egypt's early rulers, nobles, and other high
The finest example such mechanics is shown in the construction of the revered pyramid. These three factors, all belonging to the religious architecture of ancient Egypt, do nothing else but prove its greatness. Egypt's grand architectural design was a result of the religious values and beliefs that were in place at the time. Thousands of years ago, 'Ancient Egypt accepted the challenge of reeds and swamps, hot sands and floods, and build the 'first' nation' (Romer:75, 1982). There were few things to impress themselves upon the Egyptian mind; their psychological impact however was immense.
Religious laws and duties were crucial to the day-to-day life of the people to their social spot. The Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of afterlife as opposed to Mesopotamians. The Egyptians believed in resurrection of the dead were principal characteristics of religious. They also buried their pharaohs in their own temples including mummifying their dead bodies for example like the Giza Valley Temple the second largest where the entrance and bodies were hidden. Another difference between the Mesopotamia and Egypt was their writing style for example one of the forms Mesopotamia used was cuneiform considering it was worlds first written language, which primarily means, “Wedge shaped”.
From this the sun became their most important god Ra; he became their chief god and was the center of their culture. The pyramids, though tombs for the pharaohs are also monuments to Ra. He became associated with pharaohs, because it was believed that pharaohs were picked by Ra to rule over the land.
The first tombs of the pharaohs were large, unimpressive, bunker affairs called mastabas. A mastaba (Arabic for "bench") is a low rectangular structure which was built over a shaft which descended to the burial location. They were made from sun dried mud bricks and most have long since crumbled to dust. This all changed around 2630 BC with the creation of the step pyramid. The Step Pyramid was designed for King Djoser ,of the 3rd dynasty, by his vizier, Imhotep.
This would also give artisans of that time the freedom to have depictions of gods and goddesses in their artwork along with the pharaohs. The pharaohs are the ones mostly known to have artwork based upon them with a god in the background, to represent some type of strength or power. During his reign he was believed to be the successor to the pharaoh scorpion and Ka. Instead of having symbols that recognized him name he used symbols of unification. Narmer was the king that unified Lower and Upper Egypt into one, there is roof of his reign over both in an early document in Abydos tombs.
The pyramids were built for the pharaohs and some priests in Egypt. The building of the pyramids was based on their religion where the pharaohs were reincarnations of gods and that their souls were immortal. The building of the pyramids were carefully planned and constructed. The Egyptians religion is a large part of the construction of the pyramids. In Egyptian history, pharaohs created the connection between the followers and the gods.
The first Egyptian Pyramid shape was first used in ancient Mesopotamia with mud and brick structures which they were called the Ziggurats. Later it was continued to used by the Greeks and Romans. The pyramids were built as a tomb for the pharaoh. It was believed that the pyramid was a place for the spirit of pharaoh to ascent. Also it was believed that the top point of the pyramid was the gate for the soul to travel to after life and also if was chosen to return back to earth.