Development of Antisocial Behavior in Children

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Children development refers to the changes in physiology, mentality, and emotions in children from birth (or during pregnancy) to adolescence. Children are dependent on family’s support during this time period. It is not until the beginning of adolescence that children start to develop autonomy which is the process of forming their own identity and making their own decisions. Parents have a big impact on children’s physical and mental development during this time period. They are the most available resource. They provide necessary material resources for children’s survival such as food, water, and housing. They account for most of their children’s socializations especially from birth to adolescence. They influence children’s mental development by passing down religious preferences, beliefs, and social status. They also can create special environments to foster children’s talents such as piano lessons, sport practices, academic challenges, etc. For instance, children from poor family have less access to cognitively stimulating environments which is shown in the data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the National Household Education Survey (Corwyn & Bradley, 2000). This means children from poor family will develop cognitively at a slower rate than children from normal or rich family where they are provided with many stimulating opportunities. Besides all the good impact parents have on their children, depending on the the parenting style, parents may establish behavioral problems such as internalizing problems (anxiety, depression) and externalizing problems (aggression and antisocial behavior) in their children. There are a lot of empirical supports from longitudinal studies which shows that there is a connection b... ... middle of paper ... ...ing, denying privileges, yelling, and spanking: Ethnic differences and associations with child externalizing behavior. Parenting, 12(1), 42-56. Murray, J., Farrington, D. P., & Sekol, I. (2012). Children's antisocial behavior, mental health, drug use, and educational performance after parental incarceration: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin, 138(2), 175. Odgers, C. L., Caspi, A., Russell, M. A., Sampson, R. J., Arsenault, L., & Moffitt, T. E. (2012). Supportive parenting mediates widening neighborhood socioeconomic disparities in children’s antisocial behavior from ages 5 to 12. Development and psychopathology, 24(3), 705. Osofsky, J. D. (1999). The impact of violence on children. The future of children, 33-49. Rutter, M., Giller, H., & Hagell, A. (1998). Antisocial behavior by young people: A major new review. Cambridge University Press.
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