Developing Countries and New Public Management

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Developing Countries and New Public Management Introduction The expectation for the government to become better in business has been becoming a hot topic for many countries around the world. Countries are trying to push their effort in order to produce the best performance in the public sector management. There are many schemes of government business theory, or even practice, which could be used by the government in order to produce better quality of public governance. One of the methods is the new public management. The basic idea of the new public management is adopting the business process of private sector. The new public management, theoretically, is giving a set of point of view how the government should work by pointing out efficiency, responsiveness, accountability and transparency (Gow and Dufour, 2000, 578; Sarker, 2006: 180). It seems that the new idea of government management very useful to reduce problems that faces by many governments, such as crummy policies, unresponsive bureaucracies, mismanagement process and focusing on input and output results rather than outcomes. Regardless that the new public management is very useful in theory, but in reality, most of the countries are very hard to implement it and find their self in the middle of nowhere (Manning, 2001: 300). The fact that the new model of public administration, somewhat, is likely not suitable for most governments in their business. This case is not only for developing countries, but also for developed countries. Maybe, to some extent, there is one example of country that able to follow the nature of new public management. New Zealand is one of the example country that success to carry out the concept of new public management (Schick, 1998: 123 – 131; M... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal Of Research And Theory, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 121 – 132. Sarker, A. E., 2006, ‘New Public Management In Developing Countries, An Analysis Of Success And Failur With Particular Reference To Singapore and Bangladesh’, International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 180 – 203. Schick, A., 1998, ‘Why Most Developing Countries Should Not Try New Zeland Reforms’, The World Bank Research Observer, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 123 – 131. Turner, M., 2002, ‘Choosing Items From The Menu, New Public Management In Southeast Asia’, International Journal of Public Administration, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1493 – 1512. Villanueva, L. A., 2011, Public Governance For Results: A Conceptual And Operational Framework, Committee Of Experts On Public Administration Tenth Session 2011, Economic And Social Council of United Nations, New York, 4 – 8 April 2011, pp. 1 – 17.
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