It is said that there is 20 species around the world but there are 4 most common species that cause the disease in humans a few are known as: Plasmodium falciparum, this is the most deadly out of all 4 to humans this lies in the salivary glands of the mosquito and it is transmitted to humans by the females of the Anopheles of the mosquito. As the mosquito takes the blood from the human during the process it only injects a tiny amount of its saliva into the skin wound, with this the saliva has antihemostatic molecules and anti-inflammatory enzymes within it which slow the body’s natural blood clotting process and produces the itching/stinging pain. P.Vivax, this is the most frequent and widely distributed cause of malaria that reoccurs it’s also one of the most common kinds of parasites that infect humans. It can cause very violent headaches, high fever, vomiting, abundant sweating & expansion of the spleen. P.Ovale, this causes tertian (recurs every second day) malaria in humans.
World Health Organization. http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/acquired-immune-deficiency- syndrome/overview.html (last accessed 13 March 2014). Shannon, G. “HIV/AIDS.” 2014. Lecture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, March 12, 2014. “The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic.” 2013.
Citation Nordqvist, Christian. “What Is Malaria?.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 10 Oct. 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/faqs.html http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150670.php http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150670 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RqRuSwZey_U http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qvlTOhCmxvY
Malaria is an infectious disease that kills close to a million children every year (Miller, Ackerman, Su, & Wellems, 2013). Although there are several different species of malaria this paper is going to be addressing Plasmodium falciparum, the most fatal of the species. The parasitic infection of P. falciparum can lead to many negative effects including death. This paper will explore the ways in which the disease in contracted, the risk factors as well as the pathogenesis of the parasite and ultimately the potential treatment options based on the progression of the disease process. Causative Agent, Mode of Transmission and Risk Factors P. falciparum is a protozoan parasite that once it has infected its human host causes the disease known as Malaria (Lehne, 2013, p.1238).
Last accessed 16th Jan 2014. NIH. (2012). Life,Cycle of the Malaria Parasite. Available: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/malaria/pages/lifecycle.aspx.
This paper proposes to investigate the close relationship between human blood and the reproductive success of the mosquito Aedes Aegypti. We want to explore whether a particular type of human blood has a positive correlation with mosquito fertility and survival. Before we begin the experiment, it is important to know some vital background information about this insect. The A.Aegypti mosquito is a fascinating insect that has created vast interest among entomologists around the world to investigate its complex physiology that affects human lives detrimentally. It is well known that A.Aegypti is a vector for blood-borne pathogens, with dengue fever and Yellow fever being the most common.