Civil Engineering & Environmental Systems, 29(3), 165-175. doi:10.1080/10286608.2011.640752 Faber, M. H. (2007). Risk and safety in civil engineering. (Doctoral dissertation)Retrieved from http://www.ibk.ethz.ch/emeritus/fa/about/Info150ETH_EN Marle, F., & Vidal, L. (2011). Project risk management processes: improving coordination using a clustering approach. Research In Engineering Design, 22(3), 189-206. doi:10.1007/s00163-011-0106-9 Ramírez, F., & Seco, A.
According to Mullen, (2004) the physical hazards checklist is well suited for almost all inspection work, since the items contains generally affect working environments and apply to all types of work. According to Bahari & Ismail (1998, p.45) stated that “a machinery and equipment used in the workplace is considered dangerous if not designed well, not perfect and not properly maintained before use”. Furthermore there is equipment operated by unskilled workers and use it instead for work supposed to use. In addition, accidents can be caused by a physical hazard if workers are not ready or do not concentrate while using it in their work. Chemicals are the second type of hazard.
Failure emanating from engineering problems can be rare, occasional, or frequent. Reasons for its Creation The reason for the creation of the position of a safety manager in engineering is to reduce the frequency of occurrence of failures and to ensure that the consequences of failures do not threaten life or property (Leveson, 2011). The process of safety engineering begins during the early phases of designing a system. Safety managers are charged with the duty of considering, the likely undesirable events that can occur, the conditions that can trigger the occurrence, and to project the accident risk that can be expected from such an occurrence. They then specify the safety mitigation requirements that should be implemented.
Clearly, the design on ladders not only has a major impact on public safety, but there is a large profit to be had if the standard step ladder can be improved. As a mechanical engineer, it is my responsibility to design products to satisfy a consumer's needs. While simple, a ladder fits this description perfectly. It is also my responsibility to design such products with the public's safety in mind; if I am able to make something that will reduce the risk of injury further while maintaining project constraints, I must. This research is intended to do that by analyzing the material selection of commercial ladders.
Topic: Usage of IT for Construction Industry Introduction Construction information technology (IT) applications are the applied use of information technology during the planning, design and implementation of projects or work during construction projects. It could also involve the use of information technology during the bidding and tendering phases in the construction industry. The rate of which technology is changing at the moment has made it possible for information to be deployed at massive scale in the construction industry. Thus the benefit of application of information within construction industry has benefited the industry beyond expectation. In the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, the general held belief is that the construction sector has not be willing to adapt to changes that comes with information technology.
Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, 5(1), 25-39. Seyedshohadaie, S., Damnjanovic, I., & Butenko, S. (2010). Risk-based Maintenance and Rehabilitation Decisions for Transportation Infrastructure Networks. Transportation Research Part A, 44, 236-248. Wang, N., & Horner, M. (2007).
This fact led to the technology of corrosion monitoring which on the other hand started to undergo development by taking different approaches, considerations and ideas to control the corrosion problem. The author of the book "Corrosion for Everyone", Groysman, A. implied that it is impossible to prevent corrosion of many metals because they are thermodynamically unstable in the environment. And then he suggested studying the materials to see how long the equipment or structure will serve safely and efficiently under particular conditions. In other words, knowing the corrosion rate and corrosion type helps in predicting the life longevity of the equipment and in evaluating when to carry out shutdowns, repairs, or replace the equipment (2009). Another source defines the word corrosion as the breakdown of an engineered material due to chemical reactions with its surroundings and in the most common use of the word corrosion, it means electrochemical oxidation of metals in reaction with oxygen or in general with an oxidant.
It still clings to its infamous position of being responsible for more occupational accidents, injuries and fatalities as compared to other manufactures. Abu Hassan also said that the case fatality rate in the construction industry in Malaysia was of more than three times of other workplaces, it was 3.3% in the construction industry as compared to other workplaces of 1.1% as accordance to SOCSO’s report. Influenc... ... middle of paper ... ...many employers have not established comprehensive accident prevention policies but instead, they only concentrated on maximizing profit (Abdul Rahim, n.d). To evaluate the implementation of safety in design among construction professionals. a) Who are the construction professionals involved?
1.2 Motivation Productivity is the key to the survival and growth of any organisation, industry or nation. Well-known Construction Company like L&T, have reported productivity issues. Some factors constrain the achievement of the set project objectives in the building and construction industry and are responsible for the reported steady decline of the productivity and performance. Thus resulting in time and cost overruns. Most of the papers focus on the factors affecting productivity.
This shows that even developing countries are shifting to cities for their employment. These cities need the most Construction work for their development. But these cities impose their own requirements on Construction management. In Germany, production in construction has fallen 35% in 5 years; 15% in 3 years in Netherlands. The main reason for this is because of “chip” and “chip industry” which has completely changed the society as a whole.