Designer Babies Essay

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Designer Babies Insert name Institution Designer Babies Designer babies are defined by the Oxford dictionary as those whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected through genetic engineering, combined with the In Vitro Fertilization, to ensure that particular genes or characteristics are either included or excluded in the baby. This process involves the fertilization of the egg by the sperm in a test tube which is outside the womb of the mother and alteration of the genes (Masha, 2009). The process of selection of traits and characteristics of children is also referred to as Pre-implementation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD). The process involves checking the embryo for genetic deficiencies before it is returned to the womb of the mother. The purpose of the process is noble as it is generally aimed at eradicating genetic disorders and diseases (Yin, 2005). However, the question on when the human race will draw the line in regards to the alteration of the genes is a big issue. Who will stop the rich families, as this is an expensive procedure, from using this method to change their children’s genes and have them at an advantage against other children? The designer child debate is a raging debate with more concerns of sidestepping nature as to how it could change the society as we know it today (Ronald, 2007). Ethical considerations into the designer babies’ debate are placed on the basis of the effects that the procedure will have on the baby and the society. Families who are able to afford these procedures are few, and this will increase the disparity between the social classes (Ronald, 2007). Further, there will be an effect on the assortment of the gene pool as well as human genetics, which may lead to a... ... middle of paper ... ...ns to both arguments, allowing genetic engineering and the concept of designer babies will bring benefits to the human race (Yin, 2005). However, like any other technological advancement, it should be effectively and closely monitored and controlled to ensure that it not used to put some individuals at an advantage and others at a disadvantage. It should be used solely for the eradication of serious human conditions and diseases. References Masha, G. (2009). From Inherited Illness to Designer Babies, How the World and I Found Ourselves in the Future of the Gene. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Ronald, M. (2007). Babies by Design: The Ethics of Genetic Choice. New Haven: Yale University Press. Yin, R. (2005). Designer Babies: The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Undergraduate Research Journal, 34-45.

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