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Designer Babies

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The horizon of gene technology broadens everyday along with the

imagination of every human being. Designer babies, a rather amusing as

well as a controversial field in science, could one day change the

living world.

The term ‘designer babies’ is used by people like journalists. A more

scientific term would be ‘genetically modified babies’. Designing

babies is actually more of a general term as this covers lots of

different areas within. There are a number of methods, which are

described as designed babies. One is screening embryo to detect any

genetic diseases that is present in the child. Once they find the

faulty genes they can modify them so that the child is born healthy

and doesn’t have to worry about the disease or passing it on to its

own offspring. The same technique is also applied to detect and modify

embryos with unknown diseases that could prove to be very dangerous.

Another technique helps determine the sex of the baby. In this process

the sperm cells are divided into two groups, one which is likely to

produce a male baby and the other group which likely to produce

female. This selection is done before fertilization. The sperm with

the sex of the parents’ desire is selected and then inserted in the

egg for fertilization.

InVitro Fertilization is basically the more scientific term for the

process of creating test-tube babies. It’s when the sperm and egg are

fertilized inside a test tube within a lab, to prevent the child from

getting any genetic diseases. Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis is

also a process for the same cause; in this particular process embryos

are screened and the ones that are likely to carr...

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