The technological innovation that is genetically modified foods was first introduced during the early 1980s. It took nearly two decades of expensive research and development to move agricultural and food products from the lab and into your supermarkets (Weick & Walchi, 2002). The basic process of creating GM foods is to isolate the gene of a living organism and transfer them into a different living organism. This process is known as “recombinant DNA or gene technology” (Windley, 2008). This is done by cutting DNA from different organisms and joining them together.
Specific issues regarding this technology involve human and environmental safety as well as ethical and conservation concerns. A common example of a GMO plant would be Monsanto’s Roundup® Ready Corn. One of the methods the Monsanto Company genetically engineers this plant is through soil bacterial and E.coli bacteria. After several years of research, Monsanto discovered a specific soil bacterium which was naturally immune to Roundup® herbicide. The next step in their process was to genetically engineer this bacteria’s DNA into various plants so they, too, could be Roundup® resistant or ‘Roundup® Ready’.
What are the Effects of Genetically Modified Foods on the Human Body? For many years, Companies have been using GMOs or Genetically Modified Organisms in their food products. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), genetically modified organisms can be defined as “organisms in which the genetic material DNA has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally”. These organisms are used in the majority of food products across the world making people think that the use of GMOs is nothing out of the ordinary. What consumers do not realize are the potential health risks they have on the human body.
http://www.monsanto.co.uk/primer/benefits.html u What are genetically modified (GM) foods? 19/03/05. http://home.howstuffworks.com/question148.htm u Why Biotechnology Matters. 15/03/05. http://www.monsanto.co.uk/primer/why.html u Why Genetically Engineered Food Should Be Labeled.
The basis for genetic modification occurred in the 1970's when the technology to isolate individual genes and alter and copy them in cells was developed. In 1994, the first genetically modified crop, the Flavr Savr Tomato, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for sale and consumption 1. Since then the GMOs have taken over the agriculture industry with over 22 percent (or roughly 60-70% of commercially sold foods) of crops worldwide being GM crops. The basis of modern biotechnology began in 1953 when a biologist and a physicist by the names of Watson and Crick discovered the structure of DNA2 . Since then, scientists have discovered ways to manipulate DNA and even transfer the DNA from one organism to another.
There now are several crops such as corn, soybeans, and cotton that have a Bacillus Thuringiensis’ gene. Genetically modified foods also have two major traits: pesticide production and herbicide resistance. Pesticide production keeps farmers and environmentalists from having to worry about the agonizing pain of lost crops and a financial dwelling. This is because pesticides are used on m... ... middle of paper ... ...J.T.. 2003. Public Perceptions of Genetically Modified Foods: A National Study of American Knowledge and Opinion.
A new kind of foods called the genetically modified foods has been creating a quiet revolution in the American market for the past several years. Scientists are able to produce these new foods by transferring genes from one organism into another across species boundaries. This new technique has been developed to improve the shelf life, nutritional content, flavor, color, and texture of foods. Since 1994, about 45 genetically modified foods such as tomato, corn, soybeans, canola, and potatoes have been marketed in the United States. About two-thirds of foods that are processed in U.S. contain genetically modified ingredients.
GMOs, an abbreviation for “genetically modified organisms”, are a result of laboratory processes of taking genes from one species and transferring them into a different species as an attempt to obtain or remove a specific trait or characteristic. GMOs are also known as genetically engineered organisms and transgenic organisms. Genetically Modified Organisms were unrecognized until 1982 when the FDA approved the first Genetically Modified Organism, Humulin, which is insulin that is produced by genetically engineered E. coli bacteria. Then, in 1994 the FDA approved the first Flavr Savr tomato for sale in grocery stores, which had a much longer shelf life than regular tomatoes. Shortly after, GMO resistant weeds appeared in 1996.
N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2014. "Moral Issues on GM Food - Genetically Modified Food and Developing Countries." Moral Issues on GM Food - Genetically Modified Food and Developing Countries.