Descartes Mind Body Problem Essay

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Rene Descartes and the Mind-Body Problem Descartes was very influential in the field of psychology. Some of his concepts are still utilized in the world of psychology today. His most profound contribution to psychology was the mind-body problem. This problem is one that has been discussed and debated about for a long length of time. Mind-body Problem What is the mind-body problem? The mind-body problem is the main question of trying to distinguish between the qualities of the mental and physical (Schulz & Schulz, 2016). Many scholars seemed to always argue about the mind and body as to whether they were separate or essentially the same thing. Descartes decided to tackle this question head on and he came up with some interesting answers to…show more content…
Hall also found that the bodies voluntary and involuntary movements are located in certain regions with the brain and body. Hall’s contribution to the mind-body problem was in being able to show how the body can affect the mind and the mind effect the body by the voluntary (Mind) movements and the involuntary (body) movements. Flourens: Flourens work consisted of using the extirpation method. He destroyed animal parts, for the purpose of observing the brain and spinal cords. Through his work Flourens found the areas of the brain responsible higher mental functioning, sight and hearing of humans and the areas that control our coordination, heartbeat, respiration, and other important functions of the body. His contributions to the mind-body problem was to further dissect how the brain and to determine which exact areas of the brain affect the body. Gall: Gall was responsible for mapping the brain and he functions as well as he was able to confirm that the brain did have white and grey matter; nerve fibers connected to both sides of the brain and opposite sides of the spinal cord; fibers are connecting to both halves of the brain. Gall further contributed to the understanding of the mind-body problem by showing that it was possible to find specific brain functions in certain areas of the brain. Galvani: Galvani suggested that nerves were electrical and that if stimulated by electricity they would twitch. Galvani showed how the body can affect the mind and its interactions and reactions. Cajal: found the direction nerve impulses traveled in the brain and within the spinal cord. Cajal contributed to the mind-body problem by determining how impulses from the body can affect the brain. Weber: Weber is responsible for the two-point threshold which proved that the sensations of the body can

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