Depression is a Mental Illness

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Depression is not a feeling, nor is it an emotion. It is a mental illness that affects many people. It has been around for thousands of years. Depression comes in many forms. It affects all races, ethnicities, and religions. Depression is a severe mental illness that affects millions around the world.
Depression is defined as “a condition of mental disturbance characterized by such feelings to a greater degree than seems warranted by external conditions, typically with lack of energy and difficulty maintaining concentration or interest in life”. (New Oxford American Dictionary) It is a mental illness that affects the way one may think, behave, and feel. It is not a new condition; in fact, it has probably been relevant since the time of Hippocrates and before. In his writings, Hippocrates mentions melancholia, which he calls a symptom of depression. He wrote that it was in fact a distinct disease, which had mental and physical dependencies. ( MNT) The actual term depression began to appear later, in the 19th century. Scientists explain that though melancholy and depression are synonymous, the term melancholy includes a wider range of emotions, such as sadness, anger, fear, delusions, and even obsessions. (MNT) It is likely that president Lincoln suffered from melancholy. However, aside from that, there are many different types of depression.
There is major depression, which is so severe as to be disabling. Luckily, most only suffer one episode of this particular type of depression. There is also Dysthymic Disorder, or mild chronic depression. This is diagnosed only after a person has suffered depression for at least two or more years. Another form of depression is psychotic depression. This is where the patient suffers from de...

... middle of paper ..., however, with innovations in medicine and science, a cure is being found.

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"What Is Depression? What Causes Depression?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 7 Apr. 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. .
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