Karen Klieman, M.S.W., founder and director of the Postpartum Stress Center in Philadelphia. The baby blues are common to new mothers due to the lack of sleep, the babys crying and the shock of motherhood. It's not awful for a mother to feel irritable, overwhelmed and a lot of the time tearful. These feeling begin to show three or four days after birth, but should only last a few weeks. If the blues last for more the two weeks, then she may be experiencing (PPD) which is postpartum depression.
A common syndrome affecting an estimated 3% to 8% of women in their reproductive years is called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) (4). PMDD is specifically known as a mood disorder of severe depression, irritability, and tension with symptoms worsening a week or so before a woman's menstrual period and usually settling out afterwards (5). PMDD can be devastating to all areas of a woman's everyday life, including family relationships, friendships, and the ability to work or go to school (3). Many people still believe that the emotional symptoms caused by PMDD are not real, and that a woman should be able to shake off the symptoms if only she tried hard enough. Because of these inaccurate beliefs, women with this depression either may not recognize that they have a treatable disorder or may be discouraged from seeking or staying on treatment.
“After giving birth the women's hormones diminish, and about 8 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression.” They struggle with sensitivity, distress, and depression. While experiencing postpartum depression the mothers can feel very stressful and troublesome while taking care of their child. If the mothers are dealing with these kind of symptoms of postpartum depression, the mother may end up neglecting or physically abusing the the baby. Berger, Kathleen Stassen . The Developing Person Through the Life Span.
Postpartum depression affects 8-15% of mothers within a few days or weeks after giving birth. Some mothers experience a mild form of this disorder, while others experience a more rare and intense version. This intensified postpartum depression is known as postpartum psychosis. According to the Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, Nau, McNiel, and Binder (2012) express “Postpartum psychosis occurs in 1-2 of 1,000 births and frequently requires hospitalization to stabilize symptoms.” These symptoms include: Hallucinations, restlessness, disturbed sleep, insomnia, drastic mood or behavior change, delusional thinking, thoughts of suicide or death, and extreme depression. In The Journal of Women's Health, Sit, Rothschild, and Wisner described postpartum psychosis as “an overt presentation of bipolar disorder that is timed to coincide with tremendous hormonal shifts after delivery”.
Actually, scientist successfully proved the impact of each cause on children's mental health and how it can lead them to depression, except the issue of whether the depression can be inherited, or not, which requires more studies to prove if "depression gene" really exists. Fortunately, depression is a treatable illness; children can recover by following two different strategies which are the psychotherapy therapy and medical therapy.
Many conditions that are similar to depression or where depression is one of the main symptoms have been linked to hormonal changes and fluctuations. For example, when looking at Postpartum Depression (PPD) we know that both pregnancy and birth cause massive hormonal changes. 20% of women are reported feeling moderately depressed during this time; few of these then became chronically depressed. In support of this, it has been discovered that the stress hormone ‘Cortisol’ is very low after giving birth, which could make coping more difficult, leading to depression. It cannot be denied however that many of the women who suffer seriously from PPD have already had episodes of clinical depression in their life, which could mean that they are more prone to suffering depression at this point.
Postpartum depression (PD) is an mood disorder that affects one in eight mothers after childbirth (Wisner, Parry, & Piontek, 2002). The symptoms associated with PD exert immediate and long-term effects on the health and wellbeing of the mother and infant. Current medical interventions focus predominately on identifying and treating the physical cause of disease. However, psychological and social stressors are gaining recognition as significant contributors to PD. This paper will begin with an examination of the physical, social and emotional causes of PD described in different health models.
In order to completely understand the illness of depression, people should understand what the disease is, what factors cause the disease, and the how disease is treated. “Feelings of hopelessness, sadness, or discouragement occasionally tug at us all” (Kim 13), but those feelings eventually fade away. Th... ... middle of paper ... ... therapists a depression patient decides to see, the first step in getting help “ is to find a suitable therapist to guide the patient through the process” (Kim 87) of recovery. In conclusion, depression is a psychological “condition of general emotional dejection and withdrawal” (Webster 311). Depression affects people both mentally and physically (Kim 14).
However, females are increasingly more likely to develop the disorder as they age and late onset schizophrenia occurs mostly in older females; this is considered to be caused by “estrogen systems [which are] implicated as protectors before . . . menopause.” (Jones, 2006, p. 19) There are several risk factors for schizophrenia, particularly in childhood; late speech and motor skill development, lower educational test scores, a prefer... ... middle of paper ... ...y be afflicted with this devastating disorder. Oftentimes, those suffering from schizophrenia spend years without treatment because of the ignorance of those around them regarding the condition.
symptoms must last for at least two years to be considered persistent depressive disorder. (Depression, 2015). Another type of depression is Perinatal Depression. This type of depression usually occurs a few weeks before the delivery of the baby and a few weeks after the delivery of the baby. It symptoms include extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion which would hinder a new mother from taking care of her baby and herself (Depression, 2015).