It seems as though racism is the cause of many of the health problems that are faced by African Americans. Whether it is because African Americans generally do not receive the same health service as Whites or because direct racism causes higher blood pressure, racism has a negative health effect on African Americans (Belgrave &Allison, 2010). Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to see whether racism has an effect on the self-esteem of African Americans and the health risks associated with racism, mainly high blood pressure. The independent variable is perception of racism and the dependent variables are the self... ... middle of paper ... ...nd blood pressure. Racism is a problem facing many African Americans in the United States.
al, 2010; DHHS, 2001; Outlaw, 1993; Williams, Neighbors, & Jackson, 2003) and have fewer psychological, social, and financial resources than their White counterparts (Choi & Gonzales, 2005; Conner et. al, 2010). Even more disturbing, they are less likely to receive an appropriate diagnosis or treatment for depression, when compared to Whites. Prevalence estimates of depression among clinical samples of older Blacks range from 10% to 33% due to limited and varying research. Therefore, we will focus on some of the challenges aging Blacks face that can lead to depression and unsuccessful aging by looking at the following: Negativ... ... middle of paper ... ... T., Andresen, E., Wolinsky, F., Miller, J., Stamps, K., & Miller, D. (2007).
Mental health literacy, similar to health literacy, provides information about mental health disorders and how to aid their management, awareness and prevention. There are many myths and misconceptions about mental health and illness in the world, which makes it hard for people affected to find help. Health Literacy is important in helping to bring awareness to mental health facts, rather than to the myths that makes accepting mental illness difficult. In America, among mental health, minorities are less likely to seek help because of various reasons like stigmatisms about mental illness (“Unite for Sight”). Stigmatisms and social acceptance affect the decisions of minorities more than European Americans (“Unite for Sight”).
Mood disorders, psychotic disorders: Schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, childhood disorders and cognitive disorders: Alzheimer’s disease are a few of these most prevalent disorders within the United States. The impact of mental health on society is often overlooked. Although overlooked, mental health disparities do exist within racial/ethnic disparities. Culture-bound syndromes and idioms of distress also play an important role in understanding minority health. In Chapter 11, this chapter provides an overview of the different health issues present within the American Indian and Alaska Native population.
Past studies have used these statistics to prove that this perceived discrimination is a stressor that can cause a variety of mental illnesses, ranging from anxiety, to depression, to phobia. However, a recent paradigm shift has occurred, changing the way researchers are looking at black-American psychology. Psychologists have recognized a certain fortitude within the black community, leading them to believe that discrimination, in actuality, has not had as much of a deteriorating effect as previously understood. To prove this theory, researchers compared the psychological health of both blacks and whites and discovered that in today’s society, blacks actually have better mental health than whites (Keyes). But why do black-Americans have such high psychological health?
The current research in which this learner has reviewed regarding AAs seeking clinical help for mental maladies perceives that members of this particular race do not really go to hospitals. The National Alliance on Mental Illnesses (NAMI) released the following statements about mental health care for AAs: • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent many African Americans from accessing care due to prior experiences with historical misdiagnoses, inadequate treatment and a lack of cultural understanding; only 2 percent of psychiatrists, 2 percent of psychologists and 4 percent of social workers in the United States are African American. • African Americans tend to rely on family, religious and social communities for emotional support rather than turning to health care professionals, even though this may at times be necessary. The health care providers they seek may not be aware of this important aspect of person life (African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet, n.d.). Although equal opportunities for all races were obtained years ago, the profession of mental health lacks strong AA presence, which is a very probable cause for the lack of AA patient care.
People are unaware of the effects of mental illness, and what mental illness can encompass. “Most importantly, mental health includes people’s feelings of worth in the context of the total cultural and societal system as well as within the identifiable groups to which they belong.” (Snowden, 165) The experience you receive as a race and how you perceive your race is apart of mental illness. Many African American people look down upon their race due to socioeconomic hierarchy that society has given people. African American’s are at high risk to developing mental illness. Healthcare providers have misdiagnosed many African Americans due to lack of knowledge.
Once again showing the lack of attention or focus exclusively on African American youth. The underlying problems that continue to affect mortality rates among African Americans in inner cities are structured under the lack of knowledge and government support. To remedy the mortality decline in the black community it is equivocally important to understand their cultural heritage and provide a change in the communities that will be embraced and foster cultural change. The United States has an epidemic festering in the inner cities that if not properly addressed can destroy the fabric of a community and spread to other areas of society.
A person may watch a loved one battle cancer, suspect a friend of having bulimia, or he/she may struggle daily with depression (Kim 7). The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that as many as 17 million Americans each year suffer from depression. About one in twenty-five of these sufferers is under the age of 18, and one in seven women will experience depression in her lifetime. The illness strikes regardless of age, gender, class, culture, or ethnic background (Kim 9). The occurrence and distribution of depression in a population may be related to a variety of factors.
African Americans have a unique relationship with the clinical disorder schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is more frequently diagnosed among African Americans than white Americans or any other racial or ethnic minority in the United States (Neighbors, Trierweiler, Ford & Muroff 2003). The reasons for this are complex and not fully understood. Because of this there is a considerable suspicion and mistrust of psychological care within the black community. Clinicians should take particular precaution in the diagnosis and treatment of African Americans.