Democratization Of Latin American History

1483 Words6 Pages
In the twentieth century Latin America went through several political systems such as military dictatorships and authoritarian regimes. The transition to democracy involved national contexts,institutions, economic development, and that shaped the outcome (225). Although democracy is now more positive than how Latin American initially began, certain aspects of the state are not as democratized as others. In the general sense democracy is embedded in Latin American states and have accommodated democratic norms (250). Elections now function in a stable manner and governments easily rotate without dispute (250). Latin America is on the correct path to democratization however has not completely made the transition. There are still many issues with the legal systems and law enforcements not wanting to reform (250). Civil society also has weaknesses that democracy has failed to take care of. Latin America possess marginalization and exclusion which hinders economic and political progress (251) These weaknesses are caused by power held amongst the elite, inability of the state, and state practices. Democratization has failed to address social problems due to the disconnection and negligence of the state. The elite in Latin America dominate and hold a great amount of power gaining majority of the benefits. This bring about inequality as the people do not have a say in political matters. In the past power and wealth was determined by one 's income. States in Latin America have always heard the voices of the rich and the educated (247). This resulted in the exclusion of the poor, while strengthening their access to government the elite weakened the working class (234). This overall causes institutionalization and political unresponsive... ... middle of paper ... ...e goods and services privately, exchange them by contract rather than by command (9). It is difficult to reform and remove customs that are embedded into Latin America. Through this legacy you can spot capitalism a spirit of enterprise, contract, and exchange (10). *prac** If there is no will to change, there is no room to take care of issues and make improvements to Latin American States. Latin American states have come a long way and are working to obtain full democracies. To achieve this institutions will have to be willing to reform their ways, establish good relationships with their people, and analyze social issues that are affecting their societies. Compared to how they previously were, democracy has improved some of these issues however is has not completely fixed them. With the lack of proper aid and negligence the state is only making situations much worse.
Open Document