Democratization Model for a Post-al-Asad Regime in Syria

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This research paper seeks to design a democratization model for a Post-al-Asad regime in Syria. At the same time as the uprising goes on in Syria there should be discussion of a possible transition into a real democracy. The conflicts have not yet ended in Syria and there are possibilities that the revolts will succeed and Syria will be facing massive challenges for a transition that might be either democratic or not democratic. It is an essential time for Syria to design a good model of democracy to be able to have a peaceful and democratic Syria and to be able to bring stability, harmony, and solidarity without any vicious sectarian conflict among numerous groups. Moreover, the Asad regime has less chances of surviving the current opposition and outside observers so there should be a proposal for what the institutions for a future democratic Syria will look like. The current regime represents more than interest of his family and the ruling party, and Alawite community whose members have been dominating the majority (Sunni Muslims) for more than forty years.
II. Introduction
The brutal regime of Bashar al-Asad has been ruling this country for over forty years. The tyrant and autocratic government kept employing its loyal military forces and sectarian thugs to crush the opposition and reassert its tyranny. There were several revolts by people against him to topple the regime and to start taking steps for establishing a democratic government and bringing political, social, and economical reforms in the country but the regime used excessive force and chemical weapon against civilians and killed more than 120,000 innocents in order to stay in power (Byman, Doran, Pollack, & Shaikh, 2012). This war will never end until there will b...

... middle of paper ... the system of commerce and developing industries.
In this model, along with government’s interventions work by people is the central factor for production and with that for economic growth, as it is the work of people that puts all other production factors raw materials, technology, and money to work. At the same time, work and with it the right to work is seen as important to the life and development of the individual, not just in a material but also in a personal and social sense (Carlsson & Lindgren, 2007). Furthermore, we recommend creating a conservative liberal democracy by defining citizens’ rights and obligations, government’s rights and obligations, election, liberty, equality, minority groups' rights, the role of Islam in this model, and the feasibility of the survival and success of this democratic model in the twenty first century's political world.

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