Democracy in The Middle East

1163 Words5 Pages
The imposing of liberal democracy into foreign states and in particular into the Middle East would not necessarily create peace due to their cultural and geographical context. From a westernised perspective we may heavily associate the nature of democracy with peace but the history of international relations and theory has continue to show that this is definitely not the case. The Democratic Peace Theory itself contains weakness and vulnerabilities due to its reliance on ‘casual logic’ (Layne 1994, Pg. 13) lacking of detailed explanations. When considering peace as a direct outcome of liberal democracy it is vital to comprehend that peace does not only involve in international relations between states but also in terms internal strife through resistance and anarchy that would consequently rise against the government. This essay aims to show not only that administration of democracy will not introduce peace into the Middle East but also identify the weaknesses of the Democratic Peace Theory that drove this belief through retrospection of World War I with the League of Nations. The introduction of liberal democracy into the Middle East will not encourage peaceful behaviour and behaviour toward other states and within their own society.

Germany after their loss of World War I in 1919 suffered from the Treaty of Versailles and had democracy imposed over their government with the abdication of Wilhelm II (ToV 1919, Article 227). The League of Nations believed that the imposition of democracy would make Germany as a nation peaceful. In addition Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States introduced interdependence through his 14 points in Balkan region with the concept of democracy introduced in newly independent states with the...

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...ace’, International Security, 19(2), Pg. 5-49.

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• Layne, C. 1995, ‘On the Democratic Peace’, International Security 19, 4, Pg. 175-177.

• Spiro, D. 1995, ‘The Liberal Peace – “And Yet It Squirms”’, International Security 19, 4, Pg. 177-180.

• Doyle, M. 1995, ‘To the Editors’, International Security 19, 4, Pg. 180-184.

• Lunch, W. & Sperlich, P. 1979, ‘American Public Opinion and the War in Vietnam’, The Western Political Quarterly 32, 1, Pg. 21-44.

• The treaty of peace between the Allied & Associated Powers and Germany: with amendments, and other treaty engagements, signed at Versailles, June 28, 1919: together with the reply of the Allied and Associated Powers to the Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace, 1925, HMSO, London.
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