Ever since societies have formed, debates have spiraled up into trying to decide what type of regime is most efficient. These political systems that make up a state, range from one person having complete control to citizens having the most say. Many dream of human rights and the ability to speak what’s on their mind, the freedom to elect officials to represent, fight, and make decision for the people. While some have lived under a simple and controlling society ruled by a charismatic leader. Two forms of government that have been present throughout the highs and lows of history are Totalitarianism and Democracy.
Democracy means many things to many different people. Winston Churchill has the belief that “…democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Democracy is certainly a form of government, whereby the people rule through their elected representatives. The people are absolute, and are the supreme form of political authority. Democracy is also a guardian of the rights of all citizens and the state may not take away, nor interfere with certain basic rights. Finally democracy is the rule of law, under which all citizens are equal.
This sense of independence is what led the citizens within the polis to choose their own leaders, and overthrowing leaders that had done wrong by the greater populist or that the populist felt had abused their power. Athens, furthered this sense of independence by creating a democratic Athens, where full citizens were expected to run the governme... ... middle of paper ... ...very day citizens. This is drastically different from the means currently used in the United States. Lastly, the fact that only male citizens were allowed to participate in government throughout the duration of the democratic existence in Athens. In conclusion one could say we may live in a very different and much more complex global world, but the reality is without the ancient Greeks we wouldn’t have the government structure that we currently enjoy today.
Federalist Paper 10: Madison argues that the Constitution creates a government that is strong enough to deal with the tension between the different political factions. Madison essentially states that factions are created from people who have similar backgrounds and political ideals/ beliefs. Despite the significant differences between the factions, they rarely interfere with the public good. During this time period, the majority of people were concerned with the financial woes caused by the divide in the political factions. Government starts to get unnecessary blame, because people believe that those in power are doing little to nothing to get these problems under control.
Even though illiterate and corrupt politicians have ruled Pakistan in democracy, nevertheless, we should give time to this form of government because only that government should exist which is made for the people and by the people of Pakistan. A dictator cannot simply dictate the desires and dreams of the people around him. People generally expect freedom and equality from their government. Democracy provides both of them while dictatorship does not. Democracy makes all the public engrossed in their country by giving them a voice in legislation.
John Locke is considered one of the best political minds of his time. The modern conception of western democracy and government can be attributed to his writing the Second Treatise of Government. John Locke championed many political notions that both liberals and conservatives hold close to their ideologies. He argues that political power should not be concentrated to one specific branch, and that there should be multiple branches in government. In addition to, the need for the government to run by the majority of the population through choosing leaders, at a time where the popular thing was to be under the rule of a monarch.
Totalitarian governments usually have control over healthcare and education. Some people might say they are a poor form of government. However, the citizens that live under a totalitarian government support it ("McMahon"). On the other hand, the democracy powers are divided into three independent branches of government; executive, legislative, and judicial. The leaders of the executive and legislative branches, the president, vice president and Senate, are decided by direct vote of the electorate.
Imagine the next time you step into the voting booth your ballot only lists one candidate to choose from. Or perhaps your ballot lists four candidates, but they are all from the Liberal party. Dictatorships are one party political systems that are ruled by one leader or an elite group of people under the principle of authoritarianism. Some feel that dictatorships are the most effective form of government because decisions are made quickly and extreme nationalism benefits the military and economy. These individuals value order, nationalism, and authority.
Chapter 14 The President of the United States is a special office with elements of great strength and also great weakness defined in the constitution. A president is chosen by the people whereas a prime minister is chosen by legislature. One of the reasons presidents are less powerful than prime ministers is because no sitting member of congress can hold office in an executive branch, where as a person chosen by a prime minister to be in the cabinet are always members of parliament. That is a huge difference because the prime ministers pick all of their cabinet ministers from among parliament. This is a great way to exercise control over the government because if you have people from congress in your cabinet, you will be able to influence more people in the government.
As opposed to one person being the undisputed king or ruler, the responsibility is split up in a group of educated individuals. However unlike a republic, citizens don’t get to elect these leaders or decide whether or not to keep them in power. While it’s impractical in the majority of today’s societies, aristocracy was an incredibly important stepping stone towards fair government, helping us achieve democracy and other modern policies. Aristocracy has a rich and important history as a revolutionary form of government. It was one of the earliest governments to move power away from a single ruler.