Democracies And Their Tendency to be More Peaceful Than Authoritarian States

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Democracies And Their Tendency to be More Peaceful Than Authoritarian States To answer this question we first need to define and contrast the two different types of state. An authoritarian state is one that enforces a policy of strict obedience, compliance and may use tyrannical and domineering measures to obtain this. A vote system may be in operation but any dissenting section of the population may come under threat from the government in control thus making the vote a mere stage show. Unlike the above a democratic state sees individual freedom as paramount to the success of a capitalist democracy, which has a system of government influenced by the whole population via the use of representatives. We assume the word peaceful used in this context is the opposite of war but war is the most extreme consequence of the bad reaction between two or more states. Actions of other states may cause another to experience civil unrest, civil panic and changes in legislation; most commonly an occurrence in democratic states as seen in light of 9/11, which I will discuss later on in the essay. 1945 and the end of World War II was a significant turning point with regards to peace between democratic states. Before 1945 'The League of Nations' was an attempt to avoid conflict like the Great War from recurring. History revealed that this was a failure. Woodrow Wilson initiated the idea of a League but congress eventually rejected the idea of America becoming part of this 'League' saying it was a European problem and attempted to separate the League from the treaties. In 1921 separate treaties were ratified between Germany, Austria and Hungry bu... ... middle of paper ... international peace is very important and it may become increasingly hard for authoritarian states to trade successfully with democratic states if they are violating human rights. If every state were a democracy then ideally there would be general peace. Immanuel Kant, the great German philosopher, predicted in 1795 that a world of democracies would create what he called "perpetual peace."[2] But while authoritarian states that are fundamentally hostile and are not striving for peace exist, especially those who violate international law and oppress their citizens, democratic states will struggle to be peaceful. [1] Maters, Roger D. 1989. The Nature of Politics. New Have, CT: Yale University Press [2] Arnold Beichman: fellow at the Hoover institution. Taken from his writing on Political Democracies

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