Dementia and Educating Carers

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Other carers such as assistants in nursing should have a clear understanding of dementia and the common traits of people afflicted with the disease. Carers should appreciate that dementia is an illness that impacts on cortical function, calculation, language, judgement, and learning capacity (Lemone et al., 2011). Deterioration in emotional stability, sociability and motivation are typical and can be attributed to the disability of cognitive function (Lemone et al., 2011). Dementia sufferers are afflicted with memory loss, lose their ability to problem solve and develop personality changes such as agitation and hallucination (Lemone et al., 2011). The prognosis for most types of dementia is poor as irreversible or untreated dementia usually continues to worsen over time (Huw, 2012). The illness usually progresses over years impacting central nervous function causing the person's death (Huw, 2012). Dementia is a cognitive disability associated with a high prevalence of behavioural symptoms and psychological pathology such as agitation, depression and psychosis, stress in caregivers, and costly care (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Because of the ageing world population, it is projected that the absolute number of elderly with Alzheimer’s disease and other irreversible dementias will increase (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Forecasts predict the number of people with dementia will reach 34 million worldwide in 2025, 25 million of which in developing countries (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Fortunately the behavioural and psychological effects of dementia are treatable and many patients respond to therapy (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Treating symptoms of disturbed perception, thoughts, mood, or behaviour that habitually occur in dementia suffer... ... middle of paper ... .... M. (2004). Family caregiving of persons with dementia: prevalence, health effects, and support strategies. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry, 12(3), 240-249. Thorpe, C. T., Thorpe, J. M., H, Bartels, C. M., Everett, C. M., & Smith, M. A. (2012). Receipt of Monitoring of Diabetes Mellitus in Older Adults with Comorbid Dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(4), 644-651. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.03907.x Tripathi, M., & Vibha, D. (2010). An approach to and the rationale for the pharmacological management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 13, S94-S98. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.74252 Wigg, J. M. (2010). Liberating the wanderers: using technology to unlock doors for those living with dementia. Sociology of Health & Illness, 32(2), 288-303. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2009.01221.x
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