We the consumer would rather pay less for any product that is needed or want. Ultimately we are the reason for high prices as well as low prices. Prices of products do not always stay the same and more popular products have higher prices than less popular products. These fluctuations, high prices and low prices are from the idea of supply and demand. Supply and demand defines the effect that the availability of a particular product and the desire or demand for that product has on price. Generally, if there is a low supply and a high demand, the price will be high (Investopedia). To understand the idea of supply and demand, the understanding of supply and the understanding of demand must be defined. The Law of Supply states that at higher prices, producers are willing to offer more products for sale than at lower prices, also that the supply increases as prices increase and decreases as prices decrease (Curriculum Link). The Law of Demand states people will buy more of a product at a lower price than at a higher price, if nothing changes, at a lower price, more people can afford to buy more goods and more of an item more frequently, than they can at a higher price and that at lower prices, people tend to buy some goods as a substitute for others more expensive (Curriculum Link). In todays economics these ideas are seen frequently in everyday life. The laws of supply and demand are seen in many ways in the company Apple Inc. Each year Apple Inc unveils a long awaited mobile operating system and IPhone. We can also see many aspects of the law of supply and demand in Nike Inc’s Jordan Brand. Jordan Brand has released a number of...
(b) Provide an example of how a Central Bank could use monetary policy to achieve
Paul De Grauwe published, “Yes, It’s the economy, stupid, but is it demand or supply?” on January 24, 2014 for CEPS Commentary. According to Paul De Grauwe, policy-makers are trying to fight a problem with the ‘wrong medicine’ as he puts it. He explains how before the 1970s economists focused on demand control; then when the 1970s came a supply shock that they were unprepared for hit. Due to this unpredicted supply shock, economists started developing different supply-side models that would hopefully combat this problem and keep it from happening again. However, with the corrections from the supply shock, they no longer focused on demand, and that resulted in a demand shock in 2008, where repeated mistakes occurred. François Hollande is mentioned to believe in the power of free market and that “…supply-side economics together with rejection of demand management is based on an ideological premise that markets have self-regulating characteristics, and that unemployment with therefore disappear automatically…” (Grauwe 4)
The Law of Demand states that “there is an inverse relationship between the price of a good and demand. As prices fall, we see an expansion of demand. If price rises, there will be a contraction of demand (Riley, 2016).”
Another word for this is equilibrium, which is the “state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced” (). By shifting the supply curve, it can adjust the equilibrium price by changing its price and quantity. A shift of a supply curve works the same way as the shift of a demand curve. By referring back to Tim’s life, his supply of labor allows him to receive his income he needed in order to make demands for his desire – or his woman’s desire. When a woman has an expensive taste, it will affect Tim’s supply curve because he will not be able to afford songwriters, singers, and bands. This causes the supply curve to shift to the left resulting an increase in price of Tim’s music and a decrease in quantity of his music. If the supply curve continues to shift to the left, eventually Tim will go out of business, and his girlfriend will ditch him because he can no longer keep up with her wishes. So far, everything is going downhill and the opportunity cost Tim made was not worth because it affected his career and his life. However, if Tim decided to his focus on his career rather than his wife, then the supply curve will shift to the right. This depends on the opportunity cost as well as if he is willing to spend less money on his wife and more towards his profession. By having a right shift of
...ess supply, leading some producers to keep their goods, as they won’t be able to sell them. Consequently, producers tend to reduce their prices in order to make their product more appealing as well as remain competitive in the market. In response to lower prices, the demand will increase, moving the market toward of an equilibrium. As opposed to surplus, there is a shortage, which refers to the excess of demand. The shortage makes consumers unable to buy as much of a good as they would like. Therefore, producers will raise both the price of their product as well as the quantity they are keen to supply. Consequently, the increase in the price might be really significant for some people and they will no longer demand the product. On the other hand, the increased quantity of available product might satisfy other consumers, where eventually equilibrium will be reached.
The quantity of a commodity demanded depends on the price of the commodity, the prices of all other commodities, the incomes of the consumers as well as the consumer’s taste. The quantity of a commodity supplied depends on the price obtainable for the commodity as well the price obtainable for substitute goods, the techniques of production, the cost of labor and other factors of production. It is supply and demand that causes a market to reach equilibrium. If buyers wish to purchase more of a commodity than that of which is available at a given price, then the price will to tend to rise. If they wish to purchase less of a commodity than that of which is available, then the price will tend to drop. Consequently, the price will reach equilibrium at which the quantity demanded is just equal to the quantity supplied.
The demand curve follows a distinct line unless some other factor causes the line to shift. The demand curve operates under the principle if the demand goes up the price goes down, and likewise if the demand goes down the price goes up as long as all other things are constant. A shift in the demand curve indicates something is not constant. In the simulation, a company named Lintech expanded its operations to Atlantis. The expansion increased the population of Atlantis changes the demand for apartments, but does not change the supply of apartments in the area. The sudden shortage of apartments created a demand curve shift. The shift permits Goodlife to offer a higher price for their 2 bedroom apartments, and still be able to fill the same number of units. By increasing the price, Goodlife brought the price and quantity available back into equilibrium (University of Phoenix, 2014).
If the price for one good increases, consumers will turn to a different good to satisfy their needs (Substitute Goods, n.d.), thereby decreasing demand for the original good and increasing the demand for the substitute good.
This is where the supply and demand models intersect each other and make the equilibrium point on the graph. Money has made it easier to associate prices rather than quoting prices with other goods and services. In chapter 3, we see how the Flintstones characters are negotiating prices for the goods or services (pg. 31). The consumer received the product he desired however; he had to give something of value for it. While the supplier on the other hand, received something of value from the buyer but it also costs him his product. This illustrates that the demand and supply models reflect the balance between scarcity and the value of the product to create the equilibrium
The law of demand states that if everything remains constant (ceteris paribus) when the price is high the lower the quantity demanded. A demand curve displays quantity demanded as the independent variable (the x-axis) and the price as the dependent variable (the y-axis). http://www.netmba.com/econ/micro/demand/curve/
incentive to producers to supply more and will discourage consumers from buying so much. Price will continue to rise until the shortage has thereby been eliminated. The exact