To acknowledge this feature, in 1675 the word "mellitus," meaning honey, was added to the name "diabetes," meaning siphon. It wasn't until the 1800s that scientists developed chemical tests to detect the presence of sugar in the urine”. “Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a condition that occurs when the body can't use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body move sugar from your blood into your muscles and cells for energy and storage. Type 2 diabetes can come in two forms; .1. Form one is when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin for the body. These patients would have to compensate with things such as insulin shots. My maternal first cousin has this health issue.
Every single day millions of people are bypassing simple steps to prevent Type II diabetes. As of January 2011, 25.8 million children and adults have been diagnosed with Type II diabetes (American Diabetes Association). Type II diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels due to a malfunction within the body to properly use insulin. The role of insulin is to lower and control blood sugar levels so they do not get too high. After people are diagnosed with Type II diabetes they have to immediately start taking care of it before it progresses into another serious disease, such as heart disease or kidney disease.
Type 1 diabetes is where the body makes no insulin at all. Type 2 diabetes is where the body does not produce enough insulin or it does not use it correctly. Gestational diabetes is more of a type 2 diabetes for pregnant women, which usually returns to normal after birth (Ruder 7-8). Having too much glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream or a blood sugar level consistently over 126 milligrams of glucose per deciliter means that individual is diabetic. Healthy non diabetics will have a fasting blood sugar of 70 to 110 mg/dL.
Oklahoma has an overall ranking of a 44 percentile in diabetes from the years 1996-2013 (Core, 1). According to the published national diabetes fact sheet from 2011, 25.8 million children and adults in the United States of America have diabetes. There are 18.8 million people diagnosed, 7 million people undiagnosed, and approximately 79 million that are pre-diabetic. The ratio of diabetes in children and adolescent, under the age of 20, is about 1 in every 400 children have diabetes (Statistics, 1). Type 1 Diabetes can account for five to ten percent of diagnosed cases of diabetes, although it is the leading cause of diabetes in children of all ages.
This unwanted disease works its way into even the strongest of people who have had no symptoms. Even with a healthy lifestyle, can diabetes become preventable? Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. “Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar.” People need insulin to survive. People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin.
Within that 25.8 million people, about 18.5 have been diagnosed and about 7 million have gone undiagnosed (American Diabetes Association 2005). Puerto Rican is currently the leading nationality in having Type 1 Diabetes at 13.8% within the United States (American Diabetes Association 2005).The American Diabetes Association (2012) has listed that the “Age 20 and older” is currently the leading age group in having Type 1 Diabetes in the United States at 25.6 million people, which is about 11.3% of the United States population. Signs and Symptoms: According to the American Diabetes Association (2005), early detection through the following symptoms can help decrease the complications of having diabetes. Common symptoms of diabetes listed on the American Diabetes Association (2005) website are as follow: blurry vision, slow healing cuts or bruises, frequent urination, constant extreme thirst, constant hunger even after eating, weight loss even with frequent eating, severe fatigue, and tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands or feet. Cause: According to WebMD (2012), Type 1 Diabetes deve... ... middle of paper ... ...lso a key component of proper diabetes care.
Having less insulin produced by the pancreas or having a reaction to insulin results in the symptoms of diabetes. Glucose is a sugar that energizes the body. Glucose is produced by the liver and the rest comes from digesting sugars and starches. Insulin is a hormone produced by beta cells in a part of the pancreas known as the islets of Langerhans (“Diabetes”). Insulin has many responsibilities which include monitoring the amount of glucose the liver makes and making sure the right amount of glucose goes into the cells from the blood stream.