Deinstitutionalization

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Deinstitutionalization is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability. Basically, it is the act of transitioning those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability from a psychiatric hospital into the real-world community. Deinstitutionalization has had many effects on the community, the diagnosed patients, and the mental health system as a whole. Some of these effects could be considered as positive, and some of these effects could be considered as negative. In the end, determining whether deinstitutionalization is more beneficial or detrimental to society and it’s patients comes from ruling out whether the positives outweigh the negatives or vice versa. On one hand, deinstitutionalization could be argued to be more detrimental to its clients and society for; on the other, deinstitutionalization could be argued to be more humane, in regards to the mentally ill, and more beneficial to us as a whole. People who argue that deinstitutionalization is disadvantageous could bring up the fact that many deinstitutionalized patients with a mental disorder end up homeless, incarcerated, or even victimized when they are transferred from the careful environment of a psychiatric hospital to the real-world. People who argue that deinstitutionalization is advantageous could bring up the fact that institutions are inhumane because they are treated like “warehouses” for the mentally ill (mentally ill patients kept in institutions are kept there for longer periods of time due to the way they are viewed and doubts that they will ever progress or improve in their illness). Although deinstitutionalizat... ... middle of paper ... ...t of a movement for social rights. It was an idea proposed for the sake of allowing the mentally ill to be able to have more rights, just as every other socially neglected group would fight for theirs. Unfortunately, many mental patients have suffered and many others have been negatively affected or challenged simply because several things have not been taken into account for or more carefully thought out before proposing deinstitutionalization. Deinstitutionalization has created problems and challenges not only for the mental health system and communities, but major inconveniences and unfortunate events for mentally ill patients. Although it does sound rather harsh, there is good reason to argue that mentally ill patients would be better off in a more protected, careful, maintained environment than to have to face living in the real-world with a severe condition.
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